Lepidophyma tuxtlae WERLER & SHANNON, 1957
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lepidophyma tuxtlae?
|Higher Taxa||Xantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Tuxtla Tropical Night Lizard|
S: Lagartija Nocturnas de Los Tuxtlas
|Synonym||Lepidophyma tuxtlae WERLER & SHANNON 1957: 119|
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tuxtlae — SAVAGE 1963
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tuxtlae — WERMUTH 1965
Lepidophyma sawini SMITH 1973: 112
Lepidophyma alvarezi SMITH 1973: 115
Lepidophyma alvarezi — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma tuxtlae — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma sawini — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma tuxtlae— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma tuxtlae — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
|Distribution||SE Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Puebla)|
alvarezi: Mexico (NW Chiapas); Type locality: 43 km on the road between Ocozocoautla and Mal Paso [=Malpaso], Chiapas, México. Elevation: 620 m.
sawini: Mexico (Oaxaca); Type locality: Vista Hermosa, Comaltepec, Ixtlán, Oaxaca, México.
Type locality: Volcán San Martín, elevation 2500 ft., Veracruz.
|Types||Holotype: INHS 67064 (= UIMNH, given as FAS 10550, private collection of Frederick A. Shannon), subadult female; paratypes: FAS, INHS|
Holotype: UCM 49280 (given as CUM 49280) [sawini]
Holotype: UCM 49281 (given as CUM 49281) [alvarezi]
|Diagnosis||DIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. pajapanense in having the paravertebral rows composed of a nearly uninterrupted string of subequal tubercles; from L. pajapanense, L. lipetzi, and L. chicoasense in having 29 or fewer femoral pores; from all except L. mayae, L. pajapanense, L. lipetzi, and L. sylvaticum in having 30 or more large paravertebrals; and from L. radula, L. smithii, L. tarascae, L. lineri, and L. occulor in having 30 or more lateral tubercle rows nearly full-term embryos. At their study site located at 900 m on Volcán Santa Marta, Castillo-Cerón and López-González (1990) found that females gave birth to three to five young in late June and July; that activity occurred in the day; that stomach contents consisted of insects, amphipods, gastropods, and plant material; and that only 1 of 11 specimens preserved was male (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).|
REMARKS. Lepidophyma tuxtlae is most similar in scalation to L. pajapanense, with which it is sympatric, but the two differ markedly in color and color pattern (Figs. 23, 30). The widely scattered populations of L. tuxtlae have differences in the means of several features of scalation, but there is broad overlap in the observed limits of variation and they are highly similar in color pattern (Fig. 30). The ecological and biogeographic relationship between L. tuxtlae and L. pajapanense in the Tuxtlas merits additional study. Castillo-Cerón and López-González (1990) noted that L. pajapanense is the more abundant at the Estación de Biología Tropical ‘‘Los Tuxtlas,’’ whereas L. tuxtlae predominates at their study site on Volca´n Santa Marta (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).
|Etymology||Named after the region of type locality and its indigenous people, the Tuxtla. L. alvarezi was named after Miguel Alvarez del Toro, collector of the type, and L. sawini was named after H. Lewis Sawin, Dean of the CU College of Arts and Sciences.|