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Leptodeira ashmeadii (HALLOWELL, 1845)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Banded Cat-eyed Snake
G: Bananennatter 
SynonymColuber ashmeadii HALLOWELL 1845: 244
Leptodeira rhombifera kugleri SHREVE 1949: 531
Leptodeira annulata ashmeadi — DUELLMAN 1958: 43
Leptodeira annulata ashmeadi — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 153
Leptodeira annulata ashmeadi — MERTENS 1972
Leptodeira annulata ashmeadii — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Leptodeira annulata ashmeadii — BOOS 2001
Leptodeira ashmeadii — BARRIO-AMORÓS 2019 
DistributionNE Colombia, N Venezuela (incl. Cojedes), Tobago, Trinidad, Isla Margarita; elevation 0-1000 m

Type locality: restricted to “vicinity of Caracas, Distrito Federal, Venezuela (by DUELLMAN 1958).  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesLectotype: ANSP 10093 (ashmeadi)
Holotype: MCZ 49044 [kugleri] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970 and Villa et al. 1988. Barrio-Amorós 2019 thinks that pulchriceps is probably a synonym of L. annulata. Wallach et al. 2014: 368 listed this species as synonym of L. annulata.

Hybridization: ROZE 1958 reports Leptodeira annulata annulata x ashmeadii hybrids.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThe generic name is derived from the Greek words leptos, meaning "thin" and deire, meaning "neck."

The specios has been named after the diminutive form (“annul-”) of Latin “anus” = ring.

ashmeadi has been named after the collector of the types, Samuel Ashmead. 
References
  • Barrio-Amorós, César L. 2019. On the taxonomy of snakes in the genus Leptodeira, with an emphasis on Costa Rican species. IRCF 26 (1): 1–15 - get paper here
  • Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
  • Duellman,W.E. 1958. A monographic study of the colubrid snake genus Leptodeira. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 114 (1): 1-152
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hallowell, E. 1845. Descriptions of reptiles from South America, supposed to be new. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad., 2: 241-247 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1972. Herpetofauna tobagana. Stuttgarter Beitr. zur Naturkunde nr. 252 22 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Shreve,B. 1949. On Venezuelan reptiles and amphibians collected by Dr. H.G. Kugler. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 99 [1947]: 519-537 - get paper here
 
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