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Leptodeira ornata (BOCOURT, 1884)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Northern Cat-eyed Snake
G: Gebänderte Katzenaugennatter
S: Escombrera Manchada 
SynonymComastes ornatus BOCOURT 1884: 141
Leptodeira septentrionalis ornata — DUELLMAN 1958
Leptodeira ornata — WALLACH et al. 2014
Leptodeira ornata — BARRIO-AMORÓS 2019
Leptodeira ornata — NUÑEZ-ESCALANTE & ACUÑA 2020
Leptodeira ornata — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2020 
DistributionC/E Panama, W Colombia (Antioquia, Atlantico, Caldas, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Santander, Valle del Cauca), W Ecuador

Type locality: Isthmus of Darién, Panama  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 6201 
DiagnosisDescription: see Bioweb.bio link 
CommentSynonymy: L. s. ornata has been considered as invalid (D. Mulcahy, pers. comm. 3 March 2013, polyphyletic in Daza et al. 2009), but revalidated by Barrios-Amoros 2019. Note that Torres-Carvajal et al. 2020 redefined and restricted L. ornata to a single monophyletic clade in Panama, Colombia and Ecuador.

Similar species: L. septentrionalis, L. larcorum

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after the ornate pattern of the species. 
References
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Alvarado, Juan G. Abarca; Esteban Hidalgo-Mora, Rolando Ramírez-Campos, Alejandro Valverde-Castillo 2021. Predation of a Legler's Stream Frog, Duellmanohyla legleri (Anura: Hylidae), by an Ornate Cat-eyed Snake, Leptodeira cf. ornata (Squamata: Dipsadidae). Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (2): 218-219
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. http://www.tropicalherping.com - get paper here
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1884. Note sur quelques ophidiens nouveaux, provenant de l'Amerique inter-tropicale. Bull. Soc. Philomath. Paris (7) 8: 133-142 - get paper here
  • Daza, Juan M.; Eric N. Smith, Vivian P. Páez, Christopher L. Parkinson 2009. Complex evolution in the Neotropics: The origin and diversification of the widespread genus Leptodeira (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 653-667 - get paper here
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido Fabián 2013. CAMBIO EstACIOnAl En El UsO DE lOs RECURsOs DE lA COMUnIDAD DE REptIlEs En El COMplEJO CEnAgOsO DE ZApAtOsA, DEpARtAMEntO DEl CEsAR (Colombia). Caldasia 35 (1): 103-122 - get paper here
  • Mulcahy, D.G. 2007. Molecular systematics of neotropical cat-eyed snakes: a test of the monophyly of Leptodeirini (Colubridae: Dipsadinae) with implications for character evolution and biogeography. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92: 483–500 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Ray, Julie M. and Patty Ruback 2015. Updated checklists of snakes for the provinces of Panamá and Panamá Oeste, Republic of Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 168-188 - get paper here
  • Restrepo A, Molina-Zuluaga C, Hurtado JP, Marín CM, Daza JM 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from two localities in the northern Andes of Colombia. Check List 13 (4): 203-237 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • TORRES-CARVAJAL, OMAR; JUAN C. SÁNCHEZ-NIVICELA, VALENTINA POSSE, ELVIS CELI, CLAUDIA KOCH 2020. A new species of cat-eyed snake (Serpentes: Dipsadinae: Leptodeirini) from the Andes of southern Ecuador. Zootaxa 4895 (3): 357–380 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
 
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