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Lerista wilkinsi (PARKER, 1926)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Two-toed Fine-lined Slider 
SynonymLygosoma (Rhodona) wilkinsi PARKER 1926: 667
Rhodona wilkinsi — SMITH 1937: 230
Lerista wilkinsi — GREER 1967
Lerista wilkinsi — COGGER 1983: 177
Gavisus wilkinsi — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Lerista wilkinsi — COGGER 2000: 536
Gavisus wilkinsi — WELLS 2012: 118
Lerista wilkinsi — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Torrens Creek, 1560 ft: 21°25’ S, 145° 14’ E, N Qld.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.18.67 
DiagnosisComparisons: see table in Greer 1983 who has a table comparing the characters of the wikinsi species group. 
CommentType species: Lygosoma (Rhodona) wilkinsi Parker, 1926 is the type species of the genus Gavisus WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984. WELLS 2012: 97 revived Gavisus for the species G. allanae, ameles, carpentariae, cinereus, colliveri, karlschmidti, rochfordensis, storri, stylis, vittatus, wilkinsi. Unfortunately WELLS did not provide a phylogenetic analysis of the genera into which he broke up Lerista, hence we leave the current genus Lerista intact for the time being.

Gavisus is primarily diagnosed by a lack of forelimbs, but limb reduction has occurred independently at least ten times in Lerista (Skinner et al. 2008). Therefore, AMEY & COUPER (2009) do not regard the use of this single apomorphy as diagnostic of a monophyletic lineage. Amongst the other characters purportedly diagnosing Gavisus (see Wells and Wellington 1984), there is no other apomorphy uniting the species in this assemblage. Skinner et al. (2008) have published a phylogeny of Lerista which shows Gavisus, as diagnosed, to be paraphyletic.

Species group: wilkinsi. Greer 1983 has a table comparing the characters of the wikinsi species group.

Limb morphology: 0 digits, 2 toes 
EtymologyNamed for the type locality, Rochford Scrub. 
  • Amey, A.P. & Couper, P.J. 2009. A new limb-reduced skink (Scincidae: Lerista) from the dry rainforest of north Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa 2173: 19–30 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Greer A E; McDonald K R; Lawrie B C 1983. Three new species of Lerista (Scincidae) from northern Queensland with a diagnosis of the wilkinsi species group. Journal of Herpetology 17 (2): 247-255 - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 1967. A new generic arrangement for some Australian scincid lizards. Breviora (267): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1926. New reptiles and a new frog from Queensland. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 17: 665-670. - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Michael S Y Lee and Mark N Hutchinson 2008. Rapid and repeated limb loss in a clade of scincid lizards. [Lerista]. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:310 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [31 Dec 1983 on cover]
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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