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Liolaemus isabelae NAVARRO & NÚÑEZ, 1993

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus isabelae NAVARRO & NÚÑEZ 1993
Liolaemus nigroventrolateralis ORTIZ 1994
Liolaemus (Liolaemus) isabelae — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NÚÑEZ 2005: 317
Liolaemus isabelae — TRONCOSO-PALACIOS 2013 
DistributionN Chile (elevation 3300-3600 m)

Type locality: "El Cerrito", 12 km northwest of La Ola settlement, Salar de Pedernales, 3350 m [elevation], Chañaral Province, Third Administrative Region, Chile.  
TypesHolotype: MNHNC 2359 (isabelae)
Holotype: MZUC 19008 [nigroventrolateralis] 
CommentSynonymy: Pincheira-Donoso and Núñez (2007) synonymized L. nigroventrolateralis with L. isabelae.

Photo: on cover of Iguana 25 (2).

Liolaemus isabelae belongs to the "chilean" group and is closer to the "nigroviridis" complex. Liolaemus isabelae differs from all other species of Liolaemus by the unique features of a jet-black color with small yellowish spots on the head, hind-legs and tail. In contrast with other jet-black species, L. isabelae is slender than L. curis, and the dorsal scales of L. curis are sharpened, whereas L. isabelae has round dorsal scales. L. zapallarensis ater is glossy on both back and ventral surfaces whereas L. isabelae is glossy just on the ventral surface. Likewise they differ in chromosome number. Females of L. isabelae resemble those of L. nigroviridis.

Although Ortiz (1994) failed to provide a formal diagnosis for L. nigroventrolateralis, he did indicate, in the abstract, that it has a "dorsal color pattern with a mid dorsal yellow band spotted with black dots, and a strong melanism running from the axilla to the groin, gut area, -eular region, ventral surface of forelegs, hind legs and tail, lorv number of precloacal pores (2) and a moderate number of midbody scales", the same diagnostic traits previously described for L. isabelae by Navarro & Nuñez ( 1993). 
EtymologyNamed after Isabel Yermany, wife of José Navarro, one of the discoverers of this species. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Navarro J. Nunez H. 1993. Liolaemus patriciaiturrae and Liolaemus isabelae, two new species of lizards for northern Chile: Biogeographic and cytotaxonomic aspects (Squamata, Tropiduridae). [in Spanish]. MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL BOLETIN (SANTIAGO). 1993 (1994). no. 44: 99-113.
  • Núñez,H.; Schulte, J.A. & Garín, C. 2001. Liolaemus josephorum, nueva especie de lagartija para el Norte de Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 91-107
  • Ortiz, J.C. 1994. Una nueva especies de largato altoandino del genero Liolaemus (Sauria, Tropiduridae). Boletin Soc. Biol. Concepcion 65: 191-195.
  • Panzera A, Leaché AD, D’Elía G, Victoriano PF. 2017. Phylogenomic analysis of the Chilean clade of Liolaemus lizards (Squamata: Liolaemidae) based on sequence capture data. PeerJ 5:e3941 - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel & HERMAN NÚÑEZ 2005. The Chilean species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Tropiduridae, Liolaeminae). Taxonomy, systematics and evolution [in Spanish] Mus Nac Hist Nat Chile Publ Ocas 59: 1-486 - get paper here
  • Pincheira-Donoso, Daniel and Herman Núñez. 2007. Conspecificity of Liolaemus isabelae Navarro & Núñez, 1993 and Liolaemus nigroventrolateralis Ortiz 1994 (Iguania: Tropiduridae: Liolaeminae) from northern Chile. The Herpetological Journal 17 (1):65-67 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, J. 2013. REVISIÓN DEL ESTATUS TAXONÓMICO DE LIOLAEMUS DONOSOI ORTIZ, 1975 (IGUANIA: LIOLAEMIDAE). Boletín del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile, 62: 119-127
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime 2014. Nueva lista actualizada de los reptiles terrestres de la Región de Atacama, Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 1-4 - get paper here
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