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Liolaemus magellanicus HOMBRON & JACQUINOT, 1853

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Magellan's Tree Iguana 
SynonymProctotrète magellaniques HOMBRON & JACQUINOT 1842: plate 2 (invalid)
Liolaemus magellanicus GAY 1848: 46 (nom. nud.)
Proctotretus magellanicus HOMBRON & JACQUINOT 1853
Liolaemus magellanicus — BOULENGER 1885: 80
Liolaemus magellanicus — BOULENGER 1885: 148
Liolaemus (Saccodeira) proximus WERNER 1904
Saccodeira arenaria WERNER 1910: 26 (fide DONOSO-BARROS 1970)
Liolaemus magellanicus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 185
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) magellanicus — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus (Liolaemus) magellanicus — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NÚÑEZ 2005: 298 
DistributionChile, Argentina (Patagonia, S Santa Cruz)

Type locality: "Havre Pacquet, Estrecho de Magalïanes".  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 6866 
DiagnosisDescription (arenaria): Werner 1910: 26 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970. Liolaemus hatcheri STEJNEGER 1909 has been removed from synonymy of L. magellanicus by ETHERIDGE 1998.

Publication date: HOMBRON & JACQUINOT has been published in parts from 1846-1853 (Sherborn & Woodward 1901). However, the text for reptiles was published in 1853 (Clark & Crosnier 2000: 415) but the plate with a drawing of the species was already published on plate 2 of the Atlas in 1842 (Clark & Crosnier 2000: 430). The latter is invalid as it only had a vernacular name, hence the publication date for L. magellanicus should be 1853. Gay 1848 had the first latinized name and textual description but he credited the species to Hombron & Jacquinot 1842: plate 2.

Distribution: this is the southernmost lizard in the world (Jaksic 2022).

Group: magellanicus group. 
EtymologyNamed after the Straits of Magellan. 
  • Abdala, Cristian and Fernando Lobo 2006. Description of a new patagonian Lizard of the Liolaemus silvanae group (Iguania: Liolaemidae). South American J. Herp. 1 (1): 1-8 - get paper here
  • ABDALA, CRISTIAN SIMÓN; DIEGO ESTEBAN PROCOPIO, OSCAR ANÍBAL STELLATELLI, ALEJANDRO TRAVAINI, ALEJANDRO RODRÍGUEZ & MARIO RICARDO RUIZ MONACHESI 2014. New Patagonian species of Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) and novelty in the lepidosis of the southernmost lizard of the world: Liolaemus magellanicus. Zootaxa 3866 (4): 526–542 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1921. On a small collection of reptiles from Argentina. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 34: 139-142 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1885. Remarks on the geographical distribution of the Lacertilia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16: 77-85 - get paper here
  • Breitman, M. Florencia; , Luciano J. Avila, Jack W. Sites Jr., and Mariana Morando 2011. Lizards from the end of the world: Phylogenetic relationships of the Liolaemus lineomaculatus section (Squamata: Iguania: Liolaemini). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (2): 364-376 - get paper here
  • Breitman, M.F., Pérez, C.H.F., Parra, M., Morando, M., Sites, J.W., Jr. & Avila, L.J. 2011. New species of lizard from the magellanicus clade of the Liolaemus lineomaculatus section (Squamata: Iguania: Liolaemidae) from southern Patagonia. Zootaxa 3123: 32–48 - get paper here
  • Breitman, María Florencia; Mariana Morando and Luciano Javier Avila 2013. Past and present taxonomy of the Liolaemus lineomaculatus section (Liolaemidae): is the morphological arrangement hypothesis valid? Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 168 (3): 612–668 - get paper here
  • Breitman, María Florencia; Minoli, Ignacio; Avila, Luciano Javier; Medina, Cintia Debora; Sites, Jr., Jack Walter; Morando, Mariana 2014. Lagartijas de la provincia de Santa Cruz (Argentina): distribución geográfica, diversidad genética y estado de conservación . Cuad. herpetol. 28 (2): 83-110 - get paper here
  • CLARK, PAUL F.; ALAIN CROSNIER 2000. The zoology of the Voyage au pole sud et dans l'Océanie sur les corvettes I'Astrolabe et la Zélée exécuté par ordre du roi pendant les années 1837-1838 -1839-1840 sous le commandement de M. Dumont- d'Urville (1842-1854): titles, volumes, plates Archives of Natural History 27 (3): 407-35 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Etheridge, R. 1998. Redescription and status of Liolaemus hatcheri Stejneger, 1909 (Reptilia, Squamata, Tropiduridae). Cuadernos de Herpetologia 12 (1): 33-36 - get paper here
  • Fernández, J. B., Smith, J. Jr, Scolaro, A., Ibargüengoytía, N. R. 2011. Performance and thermal sensitivity of the southernmost lizards in the world, Liolaemus sarmientoi and Liolaemus magellanicus. Journal of Thermal Biology 36: 15-22 - get paper here
  • Fernandez, Jimena B.; Medina, Marlin; Kubisch, Erika L.; Manero, Amanda A.; Scolaro, J. Alejandro; Ibarguengoytia, Nora R. 2015. Female reproductive biology of the lizards Liolaemus sarmientoi and L. magellanicus from the southern end of the world. The Herpetological Journal 25 (2): 101-108 - get paper here
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1971. Algunos ideas sobre la zoogeografia de los saurios patagonicos. Revista Museo Argentino De Ciencias Naturales Bernadino Rivadavia 1 (4): 135-146
  • Gay, C. 1848. Historia física y política de Chile. Paris, Vol. 2: 47, 53, 61 - get paper here
  • Ibargüengoytía, N. R., Medina, S.M., Fernández, J. B., Gutiérrez, J. A., Tappari, F., Scolaro, A. 2010. Thermal biology of the southernmost lizards in the world: Liolaemus sarmientoi and Liolaemus magellanicus from Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Thermal Biology 35, 21-27 - get paper here
  • Jacquinot, H. & Guichenot, A. 1853. Reptiles et poissons. In: HOMBRON & JACQUINOT, Zoologie 3, in: Dumont d’Urville, Voyage au Pole Sud et dans l’Océanie sur les corvettes l’Astrolabe et la Zélée, ... Gide & J. Baudry, Paris, 56 pp. [According to Sherborn & Woodward (1901), the text is dated as 1846-1854; but Plate 2 of the Sauriens appeared in 1842 fide Clark & Crosnier 2000] - get paper here
  • Jaksic, F.M. 2022. Historical account and current ecological knowledge of the southernmost lizard in the world, Liolaemus magellanicus (Squamata: Liolaemidae). Rev. Chil. de Hist. Nat. 95: 7 - get paper here
  • Jaksic, Fabian M.;Schwenk, Kurt 1983. Natural history observations on Liolaemus magellanicus, the southernmost lizard in the world. Herpetologica 39 (4): 457-461 - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel & HERMAN NÚÑEZ 2005. The Chilean species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Tropiduridae, Liolaeminae). Taxonomy, systematics and evolution [in Spanish] Mus Nac Hist Nat Chile Publ Ocas 59: 1-486 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Sherborn, C.D. & Woodward, B.B. 1901. Notes on the dates of publications of the natural history portions of some French voyages. Part 1. ‘Amérique méridionale’; ‘Indes orientales’; ‘Pôle Sud’ (‘Astrolabe’ and ‘Zélée’); ‘La Bonite’; ‘La Coquille’; and ‘L’Uranie et Physicienne.’. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7, 7 (3), 388–392 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1909. Batrachians and Reptiles, Part. II: 211-224. In Scott, W. B. (ed.), 1905-1911: Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, Vol. 3, Part. 1. Princeton University, xiii+374 pp. - get paper here
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1904. Ergebnisse der Hamburger Magalhaensischen Sammelreise. I. Band. Allgemeines, Chordonier, Echinodermen und Coelenteraten. IV. Reptilien und Batrachier. L Friedrichsen & Co, Hamburg, 21 pp.
  • Werner,F. 1910. Über neue oder seltene Reptilien des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. ii. Eidechsen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., vol. 27 (1909), suppl. no. 2, 1910, pp. 1-46; reprinted: 1910, Mitteil. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg, vol. 27: 205-) - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2009. Auf den Spuren von Darwin durch Südamerika, Teil 2: Von Patagonien nach Zntral-Chile. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 52-61 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2010. Die Reptilien Argentiniens. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (83): 20-27 - get paper here
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