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Liolaemus melanopleurus (PHILIPPI, 1860)

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymProctotretus melanopleurus PHILIPPI 1860: 166
Liolaemus melanopleurus — ETHERIDGE 1995: 34
Liolaemus melanopleurus — ETHERIDGE & ESPINOZA 2000: 7
Liolaemus melanopleurus — SURA 2005: 429.
Liolaemus (Liolaemus) melanopleurus — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NÜÑEZ 2005: 338 
DistributionChile (Atacama desert)

Type locality: “Atacama Desert, Chile”.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHNC 1549-60 (Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Santiago); FMNH 9969 (Field Mus. Nat. Hist.) 
CommentSynonymy: This species may be synonymous with L. platei. The description by Philippi 1860 is rather vague and the type locality is rather vague too (D. Pincheira-Donoso, pers. comm. 1 Aug 2014). Known from only two specimens (Pincheira-Donoso, pers. comm, 3 Apr 2017). For a discussion of the status of L. melanopleurus see Troncoso-Palacios & Marambio-Alfaro (2021).

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Etheridge,R. 1995. Redescription of Ctenoblepharys adspersa Tschudi, 1845, and the Taxonomy of Liolaeminae (Reptilia: Squamata: Tropiduridae). American Museum Novitates 3142: 1-34 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Philippi, R.A. 1860. Reise durch die Wüste Atacama, auf Befehl der chilenischen Regierung im Sommer 1853-1854. Halle, Eduard Anton, ix + 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Pincheira-Donoso, D.; Scolara, J.A. & Sura, P. 2008. A monographic catalogue on the systematics and phylogeny of the South American iguanian lizard family Liolaemidae (Squamata, Iguania). Zootaxa 1800: 1–85 - get paper here
  • Sura, P. 2005. Encyclopedia of extant amphibians and reptiles. Wydawnictwo Fundacja, Nowy Sacz, 544 pp.
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime 2012. Comentarios sobre el enigmático Liolaemus melanopleurus (Philippi 1860) a 152 años de su descripción. La Chiricoca (14): 14-21
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime 2014. Nueva lista actualizada de los reptiles terrestres de la Región de Atacama, Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime; Yery Marambio-Alfaro 2021. Nomenclature and taxonomic status of the lizards listed by Philippi (1860) (Squamata: Liolaemidae, Teiidae and Tropiduridae). Cuadernos de Herpetología 35 (S1): 175-192
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