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Liolaemus monticola MÜLLER & HELLMICH, 1932

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Peak Tree Iguana 
SynonymLiolaemus monticola MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1932: 177
Liolaemus monticola — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus (Liolaemus) monticola — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NÚÑEZ 2005: 372
Liolaemus monticola — DEMANGEL 2016 
DistributionChile (Chillan, Cautin)

Type locality: "Tal des Rio de San Francisco, ca. 1700m.".  
TypesHolotype: ZSM 48/1931 
CommentSubspecies: Liolaemus monticola chillanensis and L. m. villaricensis are now treated as a valid species by most authors.

Karyotype: Liolaemus monticola monticola exhibits extensive karyotypic variation along its latitudinal geographic distribution with chromosome numbers ranging from 2n = 32 - 46.

LOBO (2001) suggests the following monophyletic species groups within Liolaemus: alticolor, altissimus, gravenhorstii, hellmichi, kriegi, leopardinus, monticola, nigromaculatus, nigroviridis, pictus and tenuis. 
EtymologyThe species name, ‘monticola’, is Latin for ‘inhabitant of the mountains’ (Latin “colere” = inhabiting). 
  • Castro-Pastene, Carlos; Héctor Carrasco & Jaime Troncoso-Palacios. 2015. Lagartijas y serpientes del Parque Nacional Radal Siete Tazas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 12-16 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Fernández, Ignacio & Ismael Horta-Pizarro. 2018. Registro de depredación de Callopistes maculatus Graverhorst, 1838 (Squamata, Teiidae), sobre Liolaemus monticola Müller y Hellmich, 1932 (Squamata, Liolaemidae). Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 5: 16-17 - get paper here
  • Fuentes, E.R. & J. Ipinza 1979. A Note on the Diet of Liolaemus monticola (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae) Journal of Herpetology 13 (1): 123-124. - get paper here
  • Gagliardi, Jorge et al. 2016. Fotografías herpetológicas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 40-52. PDF - get paper here
  • González-Candia, Francisco J. 2019. Descripción del ensamble de reptiles presentes en el parque comunitario El Panul, precordillera de los Andes, Santiago, Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 6: 34-38 - get paper here
  • Hellmich,W. 1938. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles. XII. Die Eidechsen des Volcán Villa Rica (Sammlung Schröder). Zool. Anz. 124 (9-10): 237-242.
  • Lamborot, M. 1991. Karyotypic Variation among Populations of Liolaemus monticola (Tropiduridae) Separated by Riverine Barriers in the Andean Range Copeia 1991 (4): 1044-1059. - get paper here
  • Lamborot, M. 1998. A new derived and highly polymorphic chromosomal race of Liolaemus monticola (Iguanidae) from the 'North Chico' of Chile. Chromosome Research 6(4):247-254
  • Lamborot,M. & Alvarez-Sarret,E. 1993. Karyotypic variation within and between populations of Liolaemus monticola (Tropiduridae) separated by the Maipo River in the coastal range of central Chile. Herpetologica 49 (4): 435-449 - get paper here
  • Lobo, F. 2005. Las relaciones filogenéticas dentro del grupo chiliensis (Iguania: Liolaemidae: Liolaemus): sumando nuevos caracteres y taxones. Acta Zoológica Lilloana 49, 67–89
  • Lobo, F.; Espinoza, R.E. and S. Quinteros 2010. A critical review and systematic discussion of recent classification proposals for liolaemid lizards. Zootaxa 2549: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando 2001. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Lizards of the Liolaemus chiliensis Group (Iguania: Tropiduridae). The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):137-150 - get paper here
  • Müller, L. von & HELLMICH,W. 1932. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles. IV. Liolaemus monticola, ein weiterer neuer Rassenkries aus den Hochanden Chiles. Zool. Anz. 99: 177-192
  • NÚÑEZ, Herman; DANIEL PINCHEIRA-DONOSO 2006. Liolaemus confusus, a new species of lizard for the coastal range of central Chile (Sauria, Liolaeminae): phenotypic and cytogenetic evidence. Bol Mus Nac Hist Nat Bol Chile 55-56: 77
  • Ortíz Silva, Germán 2021. Registro de depredación de Liolaemus bellii Gray 1845 (Squamata, Liolaemidae) sobre Liolaemus monticola Müller & Hellmich 1932 (Squamata, Liolaemidae). Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 8: 94. PDF - get paper here
  • Panzera A, Leaché AD, D’Elía G, Victoriano PF. 2017. Phylogenomic analysis of the Chilean clade of Liolaemus lizards (Squamata: Liolaemidae) based on sequence capture data. PeerJ 5:e3941 - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel & HERMAN NÚÑEZ 2005. The Chilean species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Tropiduridae, Liolaeminae). Taxonomy, systematics and evolution [in Spanish] Mus Nac Hist Nat Chile Publ Ocas 59: 1-486 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Torres-Mura, Juan C. 2013. Liolaemus monticola (mountain lava lizard) predation on Liolaemus lemniscatus. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 675 - get paper here
  • Torres-Pérez, F.; M. Lamborot, D. Boric-Bargetto, C. E. Herna ́ ndez, J. C. Ortiz and R. E. Palma 2007. Phylogeography of a mountain lizard species: an ancient fragmentation process mediated by riverine barriers in the Liolaemus monticola complex (Sauria: Liolaemidae). J Zool Syst Evol Res 45(1): 72–81 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios J, Elorza AA, Puas GI, Alfaro-Pardo E 2016. A new species of Liolaemus related to L. nigroviridis from the Andean highlands of Central Chile (Iguania, Liolaemidae). ZooKeys 555: 91-114, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.555.6011 - get paper here
  • Vásquez, Mauricio, Fernando Torres-Pérez and Madeleine Lamborot. 2007. Genetic variation within and between four chromosomal races of Liolaemus monticola in Chile. The Herpetological Journal 17 (3):149-160 - get paper here
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