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Lipinia macrotympanum (STOLICZKA, 1873)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Big-eared Lipinia 
SynonymMocoa macrotympanum STOLICZKA 1873: 166
Lygosoma macrotympanum — BOULENGER 1887: 265
Leiolopisma macrotympanum — SMITH 1935: 308
Lipinia macrotympanum — GREER 1974: 11
Lipinia macrotympanum — DAS 1997
Lipinia macrotympana — DAS 1999
Lipinia macrotympanum — DAS & AUSTIN 2007
Lipinia macrotympana — DAS & DAS 2017
Lipinia macrotympanum — CHAPPLE et al. 2021 
DistributionIndia: Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands

Type locality: “South Andaman [...] Sandy beach in Macphersons’s Strait”.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZSI 5571 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: 21–23 midbody scale rows; seven supralabials; and coloration of dorsum contrasting black and yellow and tail bright red in life (color photograph in Das, 2002) (from DAS & AUSTIN 2007).

Diagnosis: large and exposed tympanic membrane; 7 supralabials; 6 infralabials; presence of a large, transparent disc on the lower eyelid; a single broad prefrontal with a median constriction or two separated prefrontals (fide Das, 1997); two, nearly equal sized loreals; a single, undivided frontoparietal; 4 supraoculars; a pair
of enlarged preanal scales; 21–23 midbody scale rows; 51–53 paravertebrals; 60–62 ventrals; 16–17 subdigital lamellae under toe IV; SVL 36.5–45 mm; tail 43.9–
50 mm; dorsal coloration of black with three yellow longitudinal stripes from snout to vent; tail red or reddish brown (based on the collected specimens and Das, 1997, Gokulakrishnan et al. 2020).

Comparisons: Gokulakrishnan et al. 2020: 120. 
Comment 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G; Roll, Uri; Böhm, Monika; Aguilar, Rocío Amey, Andrew P Austin, Chris C Baling, Marleen Barley, Anthony J Bates, Michael F Bauer, Aaron M Blackburn, Daniel G Bowles, Phil Brown, Rafe M Chandramouli, S R Chirio, Laurent Cogger, Hal Co 2021. Conservation Status of the World’s Skinks (Scincidae): Taxonomic and Geographic Patterns in Extinction Risk. Biological Conservation 257: 109101 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 1997. Rediscovery of Lipinia macrotympanum (Stoliczka, 1873) from the Nicobar Islands, India. Asiatic Herpetological Research 7: 23-26. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 43-77
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Gokulakrishnan, G.; C. Sivaperuman & S. R. Chandramouli 2020. Further records of a poorly-known insular endemic skink Lipinia macrotympanum (Stoliczka, 1873) (Squamata: Scincidae). Bonn zoological Bulletin 69 (1): 117–122 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stoliczka, F. 1873. Notes on some Andamese and Nicobarese Reptiles, with the descriptions of three new species of lizards. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 42: 162-169 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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