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Lipinia venemai BRONGERSMA, 1953

IUCN Red List - Lipinia venemai - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Brongersma's Lipinia 
SynonymLipinia venemai BRONGERSMA 1953: 137
Lipinia venemai — GREER 1974: 11
Lipinia venemai — DAS & AUSTIN 2007
Ornithuroscincus venemai — SLAVENKO et al. 2021 (incertae sedis) 
DistributionIndonesia (W Irian Jaya)

Type locality: Irian Jaya, Vogelkop Peninsula, Ajamaroe  
Reproductionovovivparous 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 9649 
DiagnosisDescription: SVL 54.0–57.5 mm; external ear opening present; 2–3 pairs of nuchals; seven suprala- bials; 24 or 26 midbody scale rows; 59–60 longitudinal scale rows between parietals and base of tail; 19–21 lamellae under toe IV; and dorsum deep olive gray, the supraciliary region whitish, broadening posteriorly (from DAS & AUSTIN 2007).

Detailed description in Brongersma 1953: 137. 
CommentLipinia venemai (Brongersma, 1953a) possesses many traits the combination of which is uniquely found among New Guinean skinks in Ornithuroscincus, including viviparity, lacking lobules on the anterior edge of the ear opening, two supralabials posterior to the subocular supralabial, lower eyelid with a semi-transparent window, separated frontoparietals, chin shields abutting the infralabials, a standard three-scale temporal region, and an undivided nasal scale. However, the holotype of Li. venemai differs from all other members of Ornithuroscincus in having two pairs of chin shields in medial contact (vs. one). Since genetic data for this species are unavailable, Slavenko et al. tentatively place it as incertae sedis in Ornithuroscincus but stress that more work is required to fully ascertain its generic affiliation. 
EtymologyNamed after “Lieut. Cdr. (A) G. F. VENEMA, R.N.N., C.O. of the Biak Station of the Fleet Air Arm.” who flew Brongersma to New Guinea, but also helped with “support, so much hospitality and friendship”. 
References
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1953. Notes on New Guinean reptiles and amphibians. I. Proc. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., ser. C, 56: 137-142.
  • Brongersma,L.D. 1942. Notes on scincid lizards. Zoologische Mededelingen 24: 125-152 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Günther, R. 2000. In alten Sammlungen aus Neuguinea entdeckt: Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae). Salamandra 36 (3): 157-174 - get paper here
 
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