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Lophocalotes ludekingi (BLEEKER, 1860)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Crested Lizard 
SynonymCalotes Ludekingi BLEEKER 1860: 326
Lophocalotes interruptus GÜNTHER 1872 (fide BOULENGER 1887)
Lophocalotes interruptus — BOULENGER 1885: 275
Calotes Luedekingi [sic] — BOULENGER 1887: 152
Lophocalotes ludekingi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 116
Lophocalotes ludekingi — WERMUTH 1967: 71
Lophocalotes ludekingi — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 194
Lophocalotes ludekingi — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 82
Lophocalotes ludekingi — CROTHER 1999
Lophocalotes ludekingii — HALLERMANN et al. 2004
Lophocalotes ludekingi — TEYNIÉ et al. 2010 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra, Gunung, Singgalang, Alahanpanjang, Sijunjung)

Type locality: Agam, Sumatra.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH (same type for ludekingi and interruptus fide Harvey et al. 2018) 
DiagnosisDescription: Head large, swollen below the ears, very distinct from neck; snout longer than the diameter of the orbit ; tympanum much larger than the eye-opening. Upper head-scales irregular, feebly keeled; supraorbital scales small, strongly keeled, bordered inwards by a row of larger scales; two or three large scales in a series on the temple; a small tubercle behind the supraciliary edge and another on each side behind the ear opening. Seven or eight upper and eight lower labials; gular scales smooth or feebly keeled, those on the median line the smallest, the laterals larger than the ventrals. Body compressed ; nuchal crest formed of lanceolate, sharply-pointed spines, not quite so long as the diameter of the tympanum ; dorsal crest, separated from the former, formed by about fourteen triangular spines, every alternate median scale being a spine. Dorsal scales large, feebly keeled, the points of the upper scales directed upwards; ventral scales smaller than dorsal, strongly keeled. Tail compressed at the base, covered with uniform keeled scales ; its length nearly equals one time and three fourths that of head and body. Limbs with subequal keeled scales, some of which are spinose ; fourth finger and toe slightly longer than third; the hind limb, laid forwards, nearly reaches the tympanum (de Rooij 1915: 116).

Coloration: Green above, with irregular yellowish markings, forming spots or cross bars on head and body and cross bars on the limbs (de Rooij 1915: 116).

Size: Length of head and body 92 mm.; tail 152 mm (de Rooij 1915: 116). 
CommentBOULENGER 1887 synonymized Lophocalotes interruptus with Calotes Luedekingi. The holotype of Lophocalotes interruptus and Calotes ludenkingii is the same specimen and is deposited in BMNH (J. Hallermann, pers. comm.).

Type species: Lophocalotes interruptus GÜNTHER 1872 is the type species of the genus Lophocalotes GÜNTHER 1872. 
EtymologyNamed in honor of the Dutch physician E.W.A. Lüdeking a collector for the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden. 
  • ANANJEVA, Natalia B.; Xianguang GUO and Yuezhao WANG 2011. Taxonomic Diversity of Agamid Lizards (Reptilia, Sauria, Acrodonta, Agamidae) from China: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (3): 117-128 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bleeker, P. 1860. Reptilien van Agam. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indie, Batavia, 20: 325-329 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Note on some reptiles from Sumatra described by BLEEKER in 1860. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 152 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J.; Orlov, N. & Ananyeva, N. 2004. Notes on distribution and colour pattern of the rare agamid lizard Lophocalotes ludekingii (BLEEKER 1860) in Sumatra (Indonesia). Salamandra 40 (3-4): 303-306 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B.; James Scrivani, Kyle Shaney, Amir Hamidy, Nia Kurniawan, and Eric N. Smith 2018. Sumatra's Endemic Crested Dragons (Agamidae: Lophocalotes): A New Species from the Bukit Barisan Range, Comments on Lophocalotes ludekingi, and Ecology. Herpetologica 74 (1): 73-88. - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 7b, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
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