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Lycodon fasciolatus (SHAW, 1802)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Banded Racer
G: Gebänderte Zornnatter 
SynonymColuber fasciolatus SHAW 1802: 528
Coluber hebe DAUDIN 1803 (fide SMITH 1943)
Coluber curvirostris CANTOR 1839 (fide SMITH 1943)
Zamenis fasciolatus — GÜNTHER 1864: 254
Zamenis fasciolatus — BOULENGER 1893: 404
Zamenis fasciolatus — WALL 1921: 191
Argyrogena rostrata WERNER 1924: 51 (fide SMITH 1928, 1943)
Coluber fasciolatus — SMITH 1928: 495
Coluber fasciolatus — SMITH 1943: 170
Coluber fasciolatus — MINTON 1966
Argyrogena fasciolata — WILSON 1967
Argyrogena fasciolatus — DAS 1996: 54
Tyria fasciolata (fide WALL 1921)
Argyrogena fasciolatus — SHARMA 2004
Argyrogena fasciolata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 54
Argerogene faciolata — THAKUR & WARGHAT 2016 (in error)
Lycodon fasciolatus — DEEPAK et al. 2021 
DistributionIndia (Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra (Ghorawadi, Marunji, Aurangabad)), Kerala, Andhra Pradesh,Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu),
Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal , Bangladesh

Type locality: “India”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: iconotype, Russell 1796, plate 21 (fide KRAMER 1977) 
DiagnosisDescription. According to Taylor (1950, as osmanhilli), Ganesh and Vogel (2018, as anamallensis) and our own observations, Lycodon fasciolatus can be diagnosed as follows: (1) dorsal scales smooth in 17 rows at fore- and midbody and 15 before vent, (2) one to three preventrals followed by 174–204 laterally angulate ventrals (max. 197 for Indian populations), (3) 59–74 paired subcaudals, (4) a divided anal scale, (5) nasals in contact with first supralabial, naris large (6) internasals much smaller than prefrontals, (7) frontal shorter than its distance to tip of snout, shorter than parietals, (8) loreal elongated, nearly twice as long as high, (9) one preocular, usually not in contact with frontal (10) two postoculars, (11) supraocu- lar usually in contact with prefrontal, (12) 2+3+4 tempo- rals, (13) nine supralabials, third to fifth in contact with eye, (14) 10–11 sublabials, first five in contact with ante- rior submaxillars, (15) a thin, small head, reddish brown coloured, slightly darker than body, (16) iris black, pu- pil scarcely visible, (17) dorsal colour brown or reddish brown, (18) collar absent, first band just behind neck, curved backwards, (19) whole body with short cream white or yellow, irregularly shaped bands or blotches strippled with black, scarcely extending to the flanks, not reaching the lateral edges of ventrals, (adults sometimes patternless), (20) body lateral with four to five thin longi- tudinal interrupted whitish lines (21) supralabials creme white or yellow, anterior ones with a distinct dark brown spot in its center, (22) short hemipenis reaching to eighth subcaudal, covered with numerous long flounces and spines, (23) total length up to 52 cm, (24) relative tail length 0.14–0.20 (Deepak et al. 2021: 261). 
CommentShaw’s description was based on a plate in Russell, Ind. Serp. (1796).

Synonymy: after Wallach 1988, Amphibia-Reptilia 9: 62.

Distribution: Seems to be very rare in Nepal (KRAMER 1977). Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Type species: Coluber fasciolatus SHAW 1802 is the type species of the genus Argyrogena WERNER 1924. 
References
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  • Deepak V, Narayanan S, Mohapatra PP, Dutta SK, Melvinselvan G, Khan A, Mahlow K, Tillack F 2021. Revealing two centuries of confusion: new insights on nomenclature and systematic position of Argyrogena fasciolata (Shaw, 1802) (auctt.), with description of a new species from India (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Vertebrate Zoology 71: 253-316 - get paper here
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