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Lycodon gracilis (GÜNTHER, 1864)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Scarce Bridal Snake 
SynonymOdontomus gracilis GÜNTHER 1864: 234
Odontomus fergusonii HALY 1888 (fide SMITH 1943)
Hydrophobus gracilis — BOULENGER 1890: 298
Dryocalamus gracilis — BOULENGER 1893: 371
Dryocalamus gracilis — WALL 1921: 169
Dryocalamus gracilis — SMITH 1943: 275
Dryocalamus gracilis — MCDOWELL & JENNER 1988
Dryocalamus gracilis — DAS 1996: 56
Dryocalamus gracilis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 248
Lycodon gracilis — FIGUEROA et al. 2016
Dryocalamus gracilis — WICKRAMASINGHE et al. 2020 
DistributionS India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Orissa), Myanmar

Type locality: Anamally Hills  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.13.86 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSynonymy: Odontomus fergusonii may be a synonym of L. nympha, not of L. gracilis (Wickramasinghe et al. 2020).

Abundance: very rare; only known from a handful of specimens.

The original description is available online (see link below).

Distribution: not on Sri Lanka fide Wickramasinghe et al. 2020, despite reports from there [e.g. HR 34:264],

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “gracilis”, meaning small or lanky, or gracile. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • de Silva, Anslem and Sanath Velarathne 2005. Dryocalamus gracilis (Scarce Bridal snake): additional observations. Lyriocephalus (Special Issue) 6(1-2): 329-330
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Figueroa A, McKelvy AD, Grismer LL, Bell CD, Lailvaux SP 2016. A Species-Level Phylogeny of Extant Snakes with Description of a New Colubrid Subfamily and Genus. PLoS One 11 (9): e0161070.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161070 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Janssen HY, Pham CT, Ngo HT, Le MD, Nguyen TQ, Ziegler T 2019. A new species of Lycodon Boie, 1826 (Serpentes, Colubridae) from northern Vietnam. ZooKeys 875: 1-29 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1909. Remarks on some little known Indian Ophidia. Records of the Indian Museum 3 (2): 145-150. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WICKRAMASINGHE, L.J. MENDIS; DULAN RANGA VIDANAPATHIRANA, VISHAN PUSHPAMAL, NETHU WICKRAMASINGHE 2020. A new species of Dryocalamus (Serpentes: Colubridae) endemic to the rainforests of southwestern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4748 (2): 248–260 - get paper here
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