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Lycophidion pembanum LAURENT, 1968

IUCN Red List - Lycophidion pembanum - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Pemba Wolf Snake
G: Pemba-Wolfsnatter 
SynonymLycophidion capense pembanum LAURENT 1968
Lycophidion capense pembanum — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 26
Lycophidion pembanum — BROADLEY 1996
Lycophidion pembanum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 411
Lycophidion pembanum — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 401 
DistributionTanzania (Pemba Island)

Type locality: Pemba Island.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1940-1-18-74, male; parapes: BMNH, MCZ 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Nostril pierced at the posterior edge of the nasal, bordered by a postnasal that is m contact with die first supralabial. Dorsal scales with single apical pits in 17- 17-15 rows, the reduction taking place well before the vent by fusion of rows 3+4 or 2+3; ventrals 170 in male, 178-181 in females, subcaudals 46-47 in male, 37-40 in females (Broadley 1996: 18).

Coloration: Dark brown to black, head pale with dark median spots in each shield, dorsal scales pale bordered, throat (Broadley 1996: 18).

Size. Larger male (Zanzibar Museum- Ziwani) 274 + 57 - 331 mm; largest female (SMF 17975 - Pemba Island) 395 + 49 = 444 mm (Broadley 1996: 18). 
CommentDistribution: Map: Laurent 1968: 482, Broadley 1996 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1996. A revision of the genus Lycophidion Fitzinger (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Africa south of the equator. Syntarsus 3: 1-33. - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1968. A re-examination of the snake genus Lycophidion Duméril & Bibron. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 136 (12): 461-482 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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