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Lycophidion uzungwense LOVERIDGE, 1932

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Red-snouted Wolf Snake 
SynonymLycophidion capense uzungwense LOVERIDGE 1932: 375
Lycophidion uzungwense — LAURENT 1968
Lycophidion uzungwense — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 25
Lycophidion uzungwense — BROADLEY 1996
Lycophidion uzungwense — SPAWLS et al. 2002: 327
Lycophidion uzungwense — WALLACH et al. 2014: 412
Lycophidion uzungwense — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 403 
DistributionTanzania (Uzungwa Mountains)

Type locality: Dabaga, Uzungwa Mountains, Tanzania.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 30117 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Only one apical pit. Snout shorter than the parietals. Postnasal in contact with both 1st and 2nd labials. Scale rows 17-17-17. Ventrals: 180 (males), 194 (females). Subcaudals: 31 (males), 23 (females). Brownish, each individual scale with a large white apical spot; a very broad white band around the snout and on the temporal region [from LAURENT 1968].

Diagnosis. Nostril pierced in a semidivided nasal, with a cleft extending upwards from the nostril; no postnasal. Dorsal scales with single apical pits, in 17 rows, reducing to 15 rows about one head length anterior to the vent by fusion of rows 3+4; ventrals 178-181 in 2 males, 188-201 in 5 females; subcaudals 30-31 in 2 males, 23-24 in 4 females. Skull short, without parietal crests (Broadley 1996: 12).

Coloration: Glossy black, each dorsal scale tipped with white, head with a very broad scarlet chevron marking covering the snout and sides of the head (Böhme, 1987, colour cover photo), ventrum uniform black (Broadley 1996: 12).

Size. Largest male (NMZB 7883 - Lugoda, Mufindi) 255 + 36 = 291 mm; largest female (ZFMK 44849 - Mufindi) 559 + 46 = 605 mm (Böhme, 1987, Broadley 1996: 12). 
CommentDistribution: Map: Laurent 1968: 482, Broadley 1996. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Böhme,W. 1987. Seltene Reptilien aus dem Uzungwe-Gebirge, Süd-Tansania. Herpetofauna 9 (48): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1996. A revision of the genus Lycophidion Fitzinger (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Africa south of the equator. Syntarsus 3: 1-33. - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1968. A re-examination of the snake genus Lycophidion Duméril & Bibron. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 136 (12): 461-482 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1932. New reptiles and amphibians from Tanganyika Territory and Kenya Colony. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 72: 375-387 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, J.V., Howell, K.M., Munishi, L.K., Treydte, A.C. 2019. Uzungwa Scarp Nature Forest Reserve; a unique hotspot for reptiles in Tanzania. Acta Herpetologica 14 (1): 3-14 - get paper here
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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