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Lygisaurus zuma COUPER, 1993

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Sun-loving Litter-skink 
SynonymLygisaurus zuma COUPER 1993
Lygisaurus zuma — COGGER 2000: 763
Carlia zuma — STUART -FOX et al. 2002
Lygisaurus zuma — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland: Mackay district)

Type locality: Boulder Ck, via Mt Charlton, MEQ (21°01'S, 148°43'E).  
TypesHolotype: QM J55760 female, collected by P.J. & K.L.D. Couper on 21-23 July 1992. 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS. A medium sized (maximum SV 34mm) Lygisaurus (Fig. 2). L. zuma sp. nov. has a movable lower eyelid, a character it shares with L. aeratus and L. tanneri. L. zuma sp. nov. is distinguished from L. rococo by midbody scale count (23-24 vs 27-30); from L. tanneri by the number of supraciliaries (usually 6 vs usually 7); from L. aeratus, L. laevis and L. sesbrauna by the nature of the ear lobules (flat and low vs sharp); from L. macfarlani by the size of the palpebral disc (large, occupying more than half of the lower eyelid vs small, occupying less than half of the lower eyelid), a character which further distinguishes it from L. laevis, L.sesbrauna and L. tanneri. 
EtymologyThe name is derived from Montezuma II, the last Aztec emperor, who was a sun-worshipper. The name alludes to the lizard's basking habits. The epithet is to be treated as a noun in apposition. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper P J. 1993. A new species of Lygisaurus de Vis (Reptilia: Scincidae) from mideastern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33 (1): 163-166.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • Stuart-Fox, Devi M., Andrew F. Hugall, and Craig Moritz 2002. A molecular phylogeny of rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia): taxonomic and biogeographic implications. Australian Journal of Zoology 50: 39–51 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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