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Lygodactylus angolensis BOCAGE, 1896

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Angola Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymLygodactylus angolensis BOCAGE 1896
Lygodactylus laurae SCHMIDT 1933
Lygodactylus angolensis — KLUGE 1993
Lygodactylus angolensis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 9
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) angolensis — RÖSLER 2000: 92
Lygodactylus angolensis — RÖLL et al. 2010
Lygodactylus angolensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 100 
DistributionE Angola, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya, Republic of South Africa, S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire),
Mozambique, N Botswana ?, NE Namibia

Type locality: Hanha, Benguela, Angola.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost, was MB (Museu Bocage) (probably lost in fire 1978) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Lygodactylus angolensis is small dwarf gecko with a maximum SVL of 34 mm. It can be distinguished from other members of the genus occurring in Angola and the surrounding regions by having 1) three scales surrounding the nostril (one supranasal, 1st supralabial, one postnasal); 2) nostrils separated from the rostral and pierced above the suture between rostral and first supralabial; 3) mental followed by three postmentals; 4) first infralabial < 25% overlap with postpostmental; 5) 19 to 21 rows of ventral scales; 6) between 7 and 10 precloacal pores in males; 7) median subcaudals arranged in an irregular pattern of one row of scales about 1⁄3 width of the tail alternating with two rows (sometimes just one) of scales of about 1⁄2 the width of the tail (Fig. 4A); 8) venter cream; 9) without markings on the gular region. The background coloration is usually light grey or light olive-brown. Some individuals have a dark stripe from the snout, through the eye, ending near the forearm insertion. The upper flank is marked with a series of pale spots forming a pale light line. These spots are usually edged with a dark mark above and below sometimes yielding the appearance of an ocellus (Figs. 6–7, Marques et al. 2020: 324).

Diagnosis (laurae): Allied to Lygodactylus cajJensis in having the mental
plate 3-lobed; distinguished by larger scales on the under surfaces of the thighs, and preanal pores 9 to 10 instead of 5 (Schmidt 1933: 5). 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for Botswana by AUERBACH 1987. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Angola. 
References
  • Baptista NL, António T, Branch WR. 2019. The herpetofauna of Bicuar National Park and surroundings, southwestern Angola: a preliminary checklist. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [Special Section]: 96–130 (e203) - get paper here
  • Bittencourt-Silva GB. 2019. Herpetological survey of western Zambia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [Special Section]: 1-28 (e181) - get paper here
  • Bocage, J. V. Barboza du. 1896. Mammiferos, aves e reptis da Hanha, no sertào de Benguella. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physîcas e Naturaes, Lisboa (2) 14: 105-114. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Conradie W, Bills R, and Branch WR. 2016. The herpetofauna of the Cubango, Cuito, and lower Cuando river catchments of south-eastern Angola. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10 (2) [Special Section]: 6–36 - get paper here
  • Hellmich, W. 1957. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise in Angola. Veröff. Zool. Staatssammlung München 5: 1-91 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Marques MP, CerÍaco LMP, Buehler MD, Bandeira SA, Janota JM, Bauer AM 2020. A revision of the Dwarf Geckos, genus Lygodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), from Angola, with the description of three new species. Zootaxa 4853 (3): 301–352 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Röll, B. 2013. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos der Gattung Lygodactylus - Lebensweise - Haltung - Nachzucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 118 pp. - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2018. Tagaktive, kleine Geckos – die Gattung Lygodactylus. Reptilia 23 (132): 16-23
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1933. The reptiles of the Pulitzer Angola Expedition. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 22 (1): 1-15
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1953. Reptiles. Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba. Mission G. F. de Witte en collaboration avec W. Adam, A. Janssens, L. Van Meel et R. Verheyen (1946–1949). Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge. Brussels, vol. 6, 322 pp. - get paper here
 
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