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Lygodactylus bivittis (PETERS, 1883)

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus bivittis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Tiny Scaled Gecko 
SynonymScalabotes bivittis PETERS 1883: 28
Scalabotes hildebrandti PETERS 1883: 28
Microscalabotes cowanii BOULENGER 1883: 175
Microscalabotes cowanii — BOULENGER 1885: 158
Lygodactylus bivittis — BOULENGER 1885: 159
Lygodactylus hildebrandti — BOULENGER 1885: 159
Microscalabotes cowani — BARBOUR 1918: 481
Microscalabotes bivittis — KLUGE 1993
Microscalabotes bivittis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 286
Microscalabotes bivittis — RÖSLER 1995: 132
Microscalabotes bivittis — PUENTE et al. 2009: 67
Lygodactylus bivittis — RÖLL et al. 2010
Lygodactylus bivittis — GIPPNER et al. 2021 

Type locality: “Centrum ...Madagascar”.
Type locality: “Centrum ...Madagascar” [Scalabotes hildebrandti PETERS 1883]  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 10451
Holotype: ZMB 10452 [Scalabotes hildebrandti PETERS 1883] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Microscalabotes bivittis differs from all Malagasy Lygodactylus by having undivided subdigital lamellae at fingers and toes (3–6 undivided lamellae under fourth toe). It further differs from species in the L. madagascariensis group by the semi-divided mental (vs. undivided) and by the presence (vs. absence) of a claw on the first finger; from the species in the L. mirabilis group by granular (vs. keeled or partially keeled) dorsal scales; from the species in the L. verticillatus group by a non-whorled tail (vs. whorled); from L. ornatus by the absence (vs. presence) of transversal lines on the throat; and from L. tolampyae by the rather indistinct contact between posterior part of mental and first infralabial (vs. very distinct and broad contact). (PUENTE et al. 2009) 
CommentA phylogenetic analysis by RÖLL et al. (2010) showed that Microscalabotes is nested within Lygodactylus and thus needs to be synonymized.

Karyotype: see Mezzasalma et al. 2016. 
Etymologynot given in original description. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1918. Vertebrata from Madagascar. 2. Amphibia and Reptilia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 61 (14): 479-489. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. Description of a new genus of geckos. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11:174-176. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Gippner, Sven, Scott L Travers, Mark D Scherz, Timothy J Colston, Mariana L Lyra, Ashwini V Mohan, Malte Multzsch, et al. 2021. A Comprehensive Phylogeny of Dwarf Geckos of the Genus Lygodactylus, with Insights into Their Systematics and Morphological Variation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 107311 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Kowala, Julia, 2017. A Study of Reptile Community Diversity Related to Habitat Characteristics at Marojejy National Park. Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection. - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1883. Neue Geckonen, darunter drei Arten von Scalabotes, aus der Sammlung des in Madagascar verstorbenen Reisenden J. M. Hildebrandt. Sitzungsber. Ges. naturf. Freunde Berlin 1883 (2): 27-29 - get paper here
  • PUENTE, MARTA; FRANK GLAW, DAVID R. VIEITES & MIGUEL VENCES 2009. Review of the systematics, morphology and distribution of Malagasy dwarf geckos, genera Lygodactylus and Microscalabotes (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2103: 1-76 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2013. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos der Gattung Lygodactylus - Lebensweise - Haltung - Nachzucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 118 pp. - get paper here
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schönecker, P. & Böhle, A. 2004. Die Geckogattungen Madagaskars. Draco 5 (19): 56-67 - get paper here
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