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Lygosoma bampfyldei BARTLETT, 1895

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae (Lygosomini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bampfylde’s Supple Skink
G: Bampfyldes Laubskink 
SynonymLygosoma bampfyldei BARTLETT 1895
Lygosoma (Riopa) schneideri WERNER 1900 (fide KRAMER 1979)
Lygosoma bampfyldii — BOULENGER 1912:93 (in part)
Lygosoma bampfyldei — DE ROOIJ 1915:263 (in part)
Lygosoma bampfyldii — SMITH 1930:36 (in part)
Riopa bampfyldei — SMITH 1937: 228
Mochlus bampfyledei — MITTLEMAN 1952:22.
Riopa bampfyldei — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 27
Riopa bampfyldei — MALKMUS et al. 2002: 281
Lygosoma bampfyldei — DAS & YAAKOB 2007
Lygosoma bampfyldei — GRISMER 2008 
DistributionW Malaysia (Borneo, Sabah, Sarawak), Indonesia (Sumatra)

Type locality: “Rejang River, Sarawak”, East Malaysia.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.10.84 (formerly and BMNH 1946.8.6.84 (formerly 1930.4.5.1) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Lygosoma bampfyldei can be differentiated from all other Lygosoma by having the combination of relatively large (SVL = 110–119 mm) slender body (PEC/SVL = 0.12–0.13); seven supralabials; six or seven infralabials; midline contact of the supranasals; prefrontals not in contact; frontoparietal contacting three supraoculars; postinterparietal absent; eight superciliaries; three postsuboculars, the first being the largest; one primary and two or three secondary temporals; three tertiary temporals; seven or eight nuchal scales; a deep postnasal groove extending from the nasal scale to below the anterior portion of the eye and lying below the loreals and lower preocular and above the second and third supralabials; scaly lower eyelid, no window; 36–40 midbody scale rows; 81–85 paravertebral scale rows; 94–97 ventral scale rows; 28–30 caudal scale rows at the tenth subcaudal; seven or eight small precloacal scales; smooth to weakly keeled subdigital finger lamellae, 10 lamellae on third finger; keeled subdigital toe lamellae, 17 lamellae on fourth toe; low, round, small palmar scales numbering seven or eight across the base of the palm; head pattern consisting of dark, continuous frontal and occipital bands separated by a yellowish band; dark occipital band not confluent with lighter color of dorsum and tail. These characters are scored across all species in the L. bampfyldei group in Table 2.

Distinguished from Riopa bowringi by more than 37 scale rows around mid-body; SVL > 100 mm. 
CommentUnitl recently only known from the type and three additional verifiable specimens (Grismer et al. 2018): one from Indragiri, Djapura, Sumatra, Indonesia described as L. schneideri Werner, 1900 (BM 4743) but synonymized with L. bampfyldei in a redescription of the latter by Boulenger (1912); another (FMNH 76226) from the Kinabatangan District, Deramakot camp (now the Deramakot Sabah Forestry Department), Sabah; and another (SP 06841) from the Crocker Range, Sabah (Karin et al. 2018).

Synonymy: A specimen (USNM 82208) reported as L. bampfyldei was misidentified and reidentified by Grismer et al. 2018 as L. opisthorhodum Werner, 1910. 
EtymologyNamed after Charles Agar Bampfylde (1856-1918), British government official and political agent for the Sarawak Government in England who also collected the types. 
  • Bartlett, E. 1895. The crocodiles and lizards of Borneo in the Sarawak Museum, with descriptions of supposed new species, and the variation of colours in the several species during life. Journal of the Straits Branch Royal Asiatic Society Singapore, 28: 73-96.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • GEISSLER, PETER; TIMO HARTMANN & THY NEANG 2012. A new species of the genus Lygosoma Hardwicke & Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Scincidae) from northeastern Cambodia, with an updated identification key to the genus Lygosoma in mainland Southeast Asia. Zootaxa 3190: 56–68 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2008. A revised and updated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 1860: 28–34 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; EVAN S. H. QUAH, ZAHARIL DUZULKAFLY & PAUL YAMBUN 2018. On the taxonomy of Lygosoma bampfyldei Bartlett, 1895 (Squamata: Scincidae) with descriptions of new species from Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia and the resurrection of Lygosoma schneideri Werner, 1900. Zootaxa 4438 (3): 528–550 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. [type catalogue] Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
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