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Masticophis aurigulus (COPE, 1861)

IUCN Red List - Masticophis aurigulus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Baja California Striped Whip Snake
S: Látigo del Cabo 
SynonymMasticophis aurigulus aurigulus (COPE 1861)
Drymobius aurigulus COPE 1861
Bascanium aurigulum COPE 1875
Coluber flagelliformis var. aurigulus GARMAN 1883: 44
Bascanium laterale aurigulum COPE 1891
Bascanium laterale — STEJNEGER 1893: 209
Bascanion aurigulum — VAN DENBURGH 1895: 149
Zamensis aurigulus COPE 1896
Coluber aurigulus STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917
Masticophis aurigulus — ORTENBURGER 1923
Masticophis aurigulus — STEBBINS 1985: 243
Masticophis aurigulus aurigulus — GRISMER 1990
Coluber aurigulus — UTIGER et al. 2005 (by implication)
Masticophis aurigulus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 417
Masticophis aurigulus — JOHNSON et al. 2017
Masticophis aurigulus — MYERS et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Baja California Sur)

Type locality: Cape San Lucas, Lower California  
TypesHolotype: USNM 5793
Holotype: CAS 49157 [barbouri] 
CommentGRISMER 1999 elevated barbouri to full (evolutionary) species status. 
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Contributions to the ophiology of Lower California, Mexico and Central America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 292-306 - get paper here
  • Grismer L L 1990. Masticophis aurigulus (Cope). Baja California striped whipsnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 499: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 1999. An evolutionary classification of reptiles on islands in the Gulf of California, México. Herpetologica 55 (4): 446-469 - get paper here
  • Grismer,L.L 1990. Relationships, taxonomy, and biogeography of the Masticophis lateralis complex in Baja California, Mexico. Herpetologica 46 (1): 66-77 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Myers, Edward A.; Jamie L. Burgoon, Julie M. Ray, Juan E. Martínez-Gómez, Noemí Matías- Ferrer, Daniel G. Mulcahy, and Frank T. Burbrink 2017. Coalescent Species Tree Inference of Coluber and Masticophis. Copeia 105 (4): 642-650 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, J.; Slevin, J. R. 1921. Preliminary diagnoses of new species of the peninsula of Lower California, with notes on the species in the collection of the Academy. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 11: 95-98 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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