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Mastigodryas alternatus (BOCOURT, 1884)

IUCN Red List - Mastigodryas alternatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCoryphodon alternatus BOCOURT 1884: 133
Eudryas boddaerti gaigeae STUART 1933: 7
Eudryas boddaerti — SMITH 1939 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Mastigodryas melanolomus alternatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Mastigodryas alternatus — MCCRANIE 2011: 157
Mastigodryas alternatus — WALLACH et al. 2014
Mastigodryas alternatus — SUNYER 2014
Mastigodryas alternatus — SOLIS et al. 2014
Mastigodryas alternatus — MONTINGELLI et al. 2018 
DistributionNicaragua, Honduras, Panama, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia [Castro,F. (pers. comm.) as M. melanolomus]

Type locality: “Isthme de Darien” [= Daríen Province, Panama].  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 6202
Holotype: UMMZ 57917 [gaigeae] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy and subspecies: has been considered as a subspecies of Mastigodryas melanolomus.

Distribution: not in Ecuador fide Omar Torres-Carvajal, pers. comm., 8 Sep 2016. reports from Ecuador are M. melanolomus.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
References
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1884. Note sur quelques ophidiens nouveaux, provenant de l'Amerique inter-tropicale. Bull. Soc. Philomath. Paris (7) 8: 133-142 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Montingelli GG, Grazziotin FG, Battilana J, Murphy RW, Zhang Y‐P, Zaher H. 2018. Higher‐level phylogenetic affinities of the Neotropical genus Mastigodryas Amaral, 1934 (Serpentes: Colubridae), species‐group definition and description of a new genus for Mastigodryas bifossatus. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 57: 205– 239 [online 2018, in print 2019] - get paper here
  • Ray, Julie M. and Patty Ruback 2015. Updated checklists of snakes for the provinces of Panamá and Panamá Oeste, Republic of Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 168-188 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1939. Notes on Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 24 (4): 15-35 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1933. Studies on neotropical colubrinae II. Some new species and subspecies of Eudryas Fitzinger, with an annotated list of the forms of Eudryas boddaertii (Sentzen). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (254): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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