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Mastigodryas amarali (STUART, 1938)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Amaral's Tropical Racer 
SynonymEudryas amarali STUART 1938: 7
Dryadophis amarali — STUART 1941: 57
Dryadophis amarali — ROZE 1966: 116
Mastigodryas amarali — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 191
Mastigodryas amarali — KORNACKER 1999: 113
Mastigodryas amarali — WALLACH et al. 2014: 428
Mastigodryas amarali — MONTINGELLI et al. 2018 
DistributionMargarita Island, Trinidad, Tobago, NE Venezuela (Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Bolivar, Guárico, Monagas)

Type locality: Isla Margarita, Venezuela.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 22534, an 897 mm female (W. Robinson, 13 July 1895). 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Not on Tobago Island fide Boos (2001).

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Afranio do Amaral (1894-1982), physician, zoologist, herpetologist and Director of the Instituto Butantan (1919-1921 and 1928-1938). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Montingelli GG, Grazziotin FG, Battilana J, Murphy RW, Zhang Y‐P, Zaher H. 2018. Higher‐level phylogenetic affinities of the Neotropical genus Mastigodryas Amaral, 1934 (Serpentes: Colubridae), species‐group definition and description of a new genus for Mastigodryas bifossatus. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 57: 205– 239 [online 2018, in print 2019] - get paper here
  • Montingelli, Giovanna G. and Hussam Zaher 2011. New Species of Mastigodryas Amaral, 1934 from Brazilian Amazonia and Guyana (Serpentes: Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 45 (1): 111-119. - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1966. La Taxonomía y Zoogeografla de los Ofidios de Venezuela. Univ. Central Venezuela, 362 pp.
  • Stuart, L. C. 1938. Studies on Neotropical Colubrinae VI. A new species of Eudryas from South America. Copeia 1938 (1): 7-8 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1941. Studies of Neotropical Colubrinae VIII. A revision of the genus Dryadophis Stuart, 1939. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (49): 1-106 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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