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Mediodactylus spinicauda (STRAUCH, 1887)

IUCN Red List - Mediodactylus spinicauda - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Kopet Dagh Bent-Toed Gecko, Spiny-Tailed Thin-Toed Gecko 
SynonymAlsophylax spinicauda STRAUCH 1887 (non NIKOLSKY 1887)
Gymnodactylus spinicauda — SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1977: 130
Tenuidactylus spinicauda — SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1984: 54
Cyrtopodion (Mediodactylus) spinicauda — BÖHME 1985: 96
Alsophylax spinicauda — BOBROV 1986
Mediodactylus spinicaudus — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtopodion spinicauda — ANDERSON 1999: 169
Cyrtopodion (Mediodactylus) spinicaudus — RÖSLER 2000: 75
Mediodactylus spinicaudus — MACEY et al. 2000
Cyrtopodion spinicauda — RÖSLER 2000: 184
Mediodactylus spinicaudus — SZCZERBAK 2003
Cyrtopodion spinicaudum — FROST 2007 (pers. comm.)
Cyrtopodion (Mediodactylus) spinicauda — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Mediodactylus spinicauda — BAUER et al. 2013 
DistributionNE Iran, S Turkmenistan

Type locality: Shahrud, N Iran  
TypesHolotype: ZISP (ZIL) 4047 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Dorsum covered by rounded tuberculate scales, as large as scales of snout, intermixed with enlarged rounded tubercles irregularly arranged; caudal scales arranged in annuli with three mucronate tubercles on each side of annulus; supralabials 9-11, anterior 5 or 6 largest; infralabials 7-9; nostril between rostral, first labial, and two or three nasals; no distinct chin shields. Males with 2-4 preanal pores (Anderson 1999: 169). 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.)

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Bobrov V. V. 1986. Lizards (Squamata, Sauria) population in the South-Western Kopetdag. [in Russian] Zoologichesky Zhurnal 65 (2): 308-310
  • Böhme, W. 1985. Zur Nomenklatur der paläarktischen Bogenfingergeckos, Gattung Tenuidactylus Szczerbak & Golubev 1984 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 36: 95-98 - get paper here
  • Macey,J.R.; Ananjeva, N.B.; Wang, Y. & Papenfuss, T.J. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships among Asian gekkonid lizards formerly of the genus Cyrtodactylus based on cladistic analyses of allozyme data: monophyly of Cyrtopodion and Mediodactylus. Journal of Herpetology 34 (2): 258-265 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus GRAY 1827 und Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 154-207
  • Rösler, Herbert 1997. Paläarktische Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) Teil I: Historischer Überblick, Geographie und Klima, Verbreitung. Sauria 19 (1): 17-28 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2017. Gecko-Chorologie (Squamata: Gekkota). Gekkota (4): 1-160
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev 1996. Gecko fauna of the USSR and contiguous regions. SSAR [Russian original published in 1986]. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 138]
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev. 1984. O rorowoj prinadleshnosti i wnutrirodowoj strukture palearktitscheskich goloralyx gekkonow (Reptilia, Gekkonidae, Tenuidactylus gen. nov.). Vestnik Zoologii, Kiev 1984 (2): 50-56
  • Shcherbak, N. N., and M. L. Golubev. 1977. Systematics of the Palearctic geckos (genera Gymnodactylus, Bunopus, Alsophylax) [in Russian]. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Herpetological Collected Papers, 74:120-133.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Strauch, A. A. 1887. Bemerkungen über die Geckoniden-Sammlung im zoologischen Museum der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg. Mém. Acad. Impér. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, ser. 7, 35 (2): 1-72 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. von & Löffler, H. 1951. Ergebnisse der österreichischen Iran-Expedition 1949l50. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat. Kl., Abt. 1, 160: 427-448 - get paper here
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