Menetia greyii GRAY, 1845
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Menetia greyii?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Common Dwarf Skink|
|Synonym||Menetia greyii GRAY 1845: 66|
Menetia reidi (MCCOOEY 1895)
Ablepharus greyi — PIANKA 1969
Menetia greyii — GREER 1974: 29
Menetia amaura STORR 1978
Menetia greyii — COGGER 1983: 178
Menetia microscincus WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 33
Menetia greyii — COGGER 2000: 543
Menetia amaura — COGGER 2000: 542
Menetia greyii — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 316
Menetia greyii — WILSON & SWAN 2013
Menetia amaura — COGGER 2014: 654
Menetia greyii — COGGER 2014: 655
|Distribution||Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland,South Australia,Victoria, Western Australia)|
Type locality: W. A.
amaura: Australia (Western Australia); Type locality: False Entrance Well, Carrarang Station, 26° 23’ S, 113° 19’ E, W. A.
|Reproduction||parthenogenetic, 1-3 eggs per clutch.|
|Types||Lectotype: BMNH 19188.8.131.52, designated by Storr, G. M. (1976).|
Holotype: WAM R54724 [amaura]
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (Menetia): The species of Menetia (as opposed to Pygmaeascincus and Lygisaurus) share a reduced number of supraciliaries (3-4 instead of 5 or more) of which the first and second, but especially the latter, are greatly enlarged; two supraoculars; eyelid completely ablepharine; splenial not distinct; premaxillae fused; maxillary teeth ≤ 12 (modified after Greer 1991 and P. Couper, pers. comm., 18 Nov 2014).|
|Comment||Diet: primarily thysanura (silverfish), small spiders, and true bugs.|
Type Species: Menetia greyii is the type species of the genus Menetia GRAY 1845 (fide GREER 1974).
Limb morphology: 4 fingers, 5 toes
Synonymy: after Glenn Shea, pers. comm. 4 Sep 2014. M. amaura has been considered a synonym of M. greyii by Aplin & Smith (1991) and its status seems to remain unclear.
Abundance: common, with more than 500 specimens collected (Pianka 2011)
amaura: One of the smallest skinks known (max. SVL about 25 mm)
Status (amaura). The status of amaura seems to be still unclear but most recent authors treat it as synonym of M. greyii. “Recent genetic studies of the genus Menetia have revealed extensive genetic diversity within a M. greyii ‘complex’ [...]. These studies also suggest the enigmatic holotype of Menetia amaura Storr, collected at False Entrance Well, Shark Bay, is very likely an aberrant specimen of a locally abundant and geographically widespread member of the M. greyii ‘complex’. Because the paralectotypes of M. greyii Gray were probably collected in the vicinity of Perth (Aplin et al. submitted), there is a good possibility that amaura is strictly synonymous with true greyii. Further molecular and taxonomic work is underway to resolve these issues.” (Aplin et al. 2001, Aplin et al. cited as submitted; Adams, Donnellan and Aplin unpublished; P. Doughty, pers. comm. 2 Apr 2014)
|Etymology||Named after Sir George Grey (1812-1898), a soldier, explorer, colonial governor (of New Zealand and Cape Colony), premier, High Commissioner (South Africa, 1853)and scholar. He explored Western Australia (1837-1839). He tried to convert frontier tribes to Christianity to "civilize" them, supported mission schools, and built a hospital for African patients.|