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Micrelaps bicoloratus STERNFELD, 1908

IUCN Red List - Micrelaps bicoloratus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesMicrelaps bicoloratus bicoloratus STERNFELD 1908
Micrelaps bicoloratus moyeri RASMUSSEN 2002 
Common NamesE: Kenya Two-headed Snake 
SynonymMicrelaps bicoloratus STERNFELD 1908: 93
Micrelaps bicoloratus — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947
Micrelaps bicoloratus — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 28
Micrelaps bicoloratus — RASMUSSEN 2002
Micrelaps bicoloratus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 438
Micrelaps bicoloratus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 458

Micrelaps bicoloratus moyeri RASMUSSEN 2002
Micrelaps bicoloratus moyeri — WERNER et al. 2006 
DistributionKenya

moyeri: S Kenya, N Tanzania; Type locality: Ol Donyo Sambu, Mt Meru area, Tanzania.

Type locality: Kibwezi, Kenya.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 20725
Types: ZMUC [moyeri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (bicoloratus). Dorsum with a broad, brown band from snout to tip of tail, extending down to the fourth lowest row of dorsals; three lower rows of dorsals and belly whitish. First pair of infralabials usually not in contact behind mental. Posterior pair of chin-shields not in contact. Fifth supralabial usually not in con- tact with parietal (Rasmussen 2002).

Lepidosis: Rasmussen 2002

Diagnosis (moyeri): Dorsum with lateral brown stripes from snout to tip of tail, each covering the upper part of the fourth, the fifth and the lower part of the sixth low- est row of dorsals; vertebral stripe, lower flanks, and belly pale. First pair of infra- labials in contact behind mental. Posterior pair of chin-shields not in contact. Fifth supralabial not in contact with parietal (Rasmussen 2002).

Lepidosis: Rasmussen 2002 
CommentVenomous!

WALLACH (1991; unpubl. thesis) proposed that M. bicoloratus may be a synonym of M. boettgeri, which has been synonymized with M. vaillanti by RASMUSSEN (2002). 
EtymologyM. b. moyeri was named for David Moyer of Iringa, Tanzania in recognition of his contribution to the planning and carrying out of numerous field trips for teachers and students from ZMUC. 
References
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Rasmussen, J. B. 2002. A review of the African members of the genus Micrelaps Boettger 1880 (Serpentes Atractaspididae). Tropical Zoology 15: 71-87 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1908. Neue und ungenügend bekannte afrikanische Schlangen. S. Ber. Ges. naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 4: 92-95 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
 
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