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Micrurus brasiliensis ROZE, 1967

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Brazilian short-tailed coral snake
Portuguese: Cobra-Coral, Coral, Coral-Verdadeira, Cobra-Coral-do-Leste 
SynonymMicrurus frontalis brasiliensis ROZE 1967
Micrurus frontalis brasiliensis — ROZE 1994
Micrurus frontalis brasiliensis — ROZE 1996: 174
Micrurus brasiliensis — DA SILVA & SITES 1999: 165
Micrurus brasiliensis — VITT et al. 2002
Micrurus brasiliensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 443
Micrurus brasiliensis — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Goias, Maranhão, Tocantins)

Type locality: Barreiras, Bahia, Brazil  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 108880, a male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Micrurus brasiliensis is a triadal coralsnake with a white snout including the anterior border of the frontal and supraocular scales reaching 3-4 anterior supralabials. All scales show some degree of black markings. The head is mostly red with the posterior part of the frontal and supraoculars black (Figs. 20-21). The anterior part and along the medial suture of the parietals is black with varying reduction of the black posteriorly. This is a fixed character of this taxon. All red scales are mostly immaculate. Inferiorly, the chin is white (mental and first 2 infralabials) sometimes with irregular black markings. The remainder is red with or without black markings. The triads are also unique. The white rings are of the same length or slightly longer than any of the black rings (Table 2). The red rings are usually immaculate and the white rings are only mildly black-tipped. Triads range from 11 to 14 (Table 1, from from Silva & Sites 1999: 165). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Da SILVA, N. J. JR. & J. W. JR. SITES 1999. Revision of the Micrurus frontalis complex (Serpentes: Elapidae). Herpetological Monographs 13: 142-194 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Pires, Matheus Godoy; Nelson Jorge da Silva Jr., Darlan Tavares Feitosa, ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE, GENTIL ALVES PEREIRA FILHO & Hussam ZAHER 2014. A new species of triadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus Wagler, 1824 (Serpentes: Elapidae) from northeastern Brazil . Zootaxa 3811 (4): 569–584 - get paper here
  • RECODER, R.S.,TEIXEIRA JUNIOR, M., CAMACHO, A., NUNES, P.M.S., MOTT, T., VALDUJO, P.H., GHELLERE, J.M., NOGUEIRA, C. & RODRIGUES, M.T. 2011. Reptiles of Serra Geral do Tocantins Ecological Station, Central Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 11(1): - get paper here
  • Roze, J.A. 1994. Notes on the taxonomy of venomous coral snakes (Elapidae) of South America. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 30: 177-185. - get paper here
  • Roze, Jánis A 1967. A checklist of the New World venomous Coral Snakes (Elapidae), with descriptions of new forms. American Museum Novitates (2287): 1-60 - get paper here
  • Silva Jr, Nelson Jorge da; Marcus Augusto Buononato & Darlan Tavares Feitosa 2016. AS COBRAS-CORAIS DO NOVO MUNDO. In: Silva (ed) Cobras corais do Brasil. Goiânia, pp. 41-69
  • Silveira, Adriano Lima. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Micrurus brasiliensis. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 95 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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