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Micrurus diutius (BURGER, 1955)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Trinidad Ribbon Coral Snake
S: Coral Acintada Trinitaria
S: Cobra Coral de Faixas de Trinidad 
SynonymMicrurus lemniscatus diutius BURGER 1955
Micrurus lemniscatus diutius — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Micrurus lemniscatus diutius — WELCH 1994: 85
Micrurus lemniscatus diutus [sic] — STARACE 1998: 361
Micrurus lemniscatus diutius — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Micrurus lemniscatus diutius — BARRIO-AMOROS et al. 2003
Micrurus lemniscatus diutius — FROTA et al. 2005
Micrurus lemniscatus diutius — FEITOSA et al. 2007
Micrurus diutius — STARACE 2013: 502
Micrurus diutius — JOWERS et al. 2019
Micrurus diutius — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionTrinidad, E Venezuela (incl. Carabobo), C Guianas / Guyana

Type locality: “Tunapuna, Trinidad”  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 34472, male; paratypes: Carnegie Museum 7925 (from Cumanacoa, Sucre, Venezuela) and INHS (= UIMNH) 22626, adult male, from Hoso Rora, near Morawhanna, Northeast District, British Guiana 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Differs from the typical subspecies in having the white rings densely spotted with black above and the red rings moderately spotted; in having fewer ventrals, 219 — 226 in males, 226 — 239 in females (Table 1); and, perhaps, in reaching a larger size (Table 5). To distinguish the species lemniscatus from other coral snakes with which it is associated in Venezuela, the Guianas or Trinidad, reference may be made to the key in Burger 1955. 
CommentSynonymy: Wallach et al. 2014: 448 listed this species as synonym of Micrurus lemniscatus. 
EtymologyFrom the latin “diutius”, meanning too long. From the point of view of potential victims, a meter - long venomous snake is certainly too long (Burger 1955: 40). 
References
  • Barrio Amorós, César Luis and Daniel Calcaño 2003. First record of Micrurus lemniscatus (Linnaeus, 1758) from western Venezuela with comments on coral snakes from the eastern Andean piedmont (Squamata: Serpentes: Elapidae). Herpetozoa 16 (1/2):73-78 - get paper here
  • Burger, W.L. 1955. A new subspecies of the coral snake Micrurus lemniscatus from Vénézuela, British Guiana and Trinidad, and a key for the identification of associated species of coral snakes. Bol. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Caracas 1: 35-40
  • Feitosa, Darlan T., Paulo P. Passos and Ana Lúcia Prudente. 2007. Taxonomic status and geographic variation of the slender coralsnake Micrurus filiformis (Günther, 1859) (Serpentes, Elapidae). South American J. Herp. 2 (3): 149-156 - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Jowers MJ, Garcia Mudarra JL, Charles SP, Murphy JC. 2019. Phylogeography of West Indies Coral snakes (Micrurus): Island colonisation and banding patterns. Zool Scripta 00: 1–14
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz0, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisnero 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
 
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