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Micrurus meridensis ROZE, 1989

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Merida Coral Snake 
SynonymMicrurus dissoleucus meridensis ROZE 1989
Micrurus meridensis — ROZE 1994: 180
Micrurus meridensis — ROZE 1996
Micrurus meridensis — KORNACKER 1999
Micrurus meridensis — RIVAS et al. 2012
Micrurus meridensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 449 
DistributionVenezuela (Merida)

Type locality: 1 km northeast of Lagunilla, Merida, Venezuela, 915 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 217256, a male 
DiagnosisDefinition: A triad-type coral snake in which the black nuchal band is single and the body triads consist of somewhat irregular black bands; the central band is longer than the outer bands (Roze 1996: 195).

Description: The only known specimens, a male, has 176 ventrals and 27 subcaudals; 1+1 temporals. The snout and most of the head below are black, including the supraoculars and most of the frontal. It is followed by a white parietal crossband, but a black spot is present on the suture between the parietals. The nuchal black band is 3 dorsals long and covers the tips of the parietals. The black triads are irregular and several black bands are reduced or interrupted. The central black bands are 2 to 3 dorsals and ventrals long. The outer black bands are 1 to 2 dorsals and ventrals long but quite irregular. The white bands are also irregular, 1 to 2 dorsals long with the scales outlined by black borders. The red bands are 3 to 4 dorsals and ventrals long with small black tips. On the tail, the black bands are longer than on the body. The black bands are 3 to 4 dorsals long. The male has 18 complete triads on the body plus the single black nuchal band, and 2Y> triads on the tail (Roze 1996: 195). 
CommentVenomous! 
Etymologynamed after its distribution. 
References
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze J A 1989. New species and subspecies of coral snakes, genus Micrurus (Elapidae), with notes on type specimens of several species. American Museum Novitates (2932) : 1-15 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1996. Coral Snakes of the Americas. Krieger, Malabar, Florida
  • Roze, J.A. 1994. Notes on the taxonomy of venomous coral snakes (Elapidae) of South America. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 30: 177-185. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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