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Micrurus nebularis ROZE, 1989

IUCN Red List - Micrurus nebularis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Neblina coral snake, Cloud Forest Coral Snake
S: Coralillo de la Neblina 
SynonymMicrurus nebularis ROZE 1989
Micrurus nebularis — LINER 1994
Micrurus nebularis — LINER 2007
Micrurus nebularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 450 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)

Type locality: "Vivero Rancho Teja, 3 km east of Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico, 2370 m." [17˚20'N, 96˚29'W].  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 103118, a 557 mm male (B. Hallberg, 13 July 1968). 
DiagnosisDefinition: A single-banded coral snake with a black snout and a large yellow parietal band and without any black tips on red scales, or only a very few; the red bands have brownish overtones. The nuchal band covers the parietal tips and the males have no supraanal tubercles (Roze 1996: 201).

Description: Males have 203 to 208 (205.5) and females have 218 to 223 (222.3) ventrals; subcaudals 45 to 47 (46.0) in males and 35 to 37 (35.8) in females. Examined: 2 males and 4 females, which are the only known specimens, including the holotype.
The snout is black up to the frontal, followed by a yellow parietal band. The nuchal black band touches and covers the tips of the parietals. Below, the chin is yellow, but the first three infralabials and the anterior part of the chin shields are black. The black body bands are 4 dorsals and 3 to 4 ventrals long. The red bands are 3 to 4 dorsals long, usually immaculate or with a few black tips, but with brownish overtones. The yellow bands are 1 ventral and 1 dorsal long. On the tail the bands are only black and yellow and the black bands are twice as long as the yellow bands.
The males have 23 to 24 (23.5) and the females have 26 to 28 (27.0) black body bands. On the tail, the males have 7 and the females have 5 or 6 black tail bands(Roze 1996: 201). 
CommentVenomous! 
EtymologyLatin from nebula meaning clouds; nebularis means pertaining to clouds. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. 2000. A new species of venomous coral snake (Serpentes: Elapidae) from high desert in Puebla, Mexico. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 113 (1): 291-297 - get paper here
  • Canseco-Márquez, L., & Gutiérrrez-Mayén, M.G. 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán. Comisión Nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, México D.F., Mexico, 302 pp - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Pavón-Vázquez, Carlos J., Uri O. García-Vázquez, Rubi N. Meza-Lázaro and Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca. 2015. First record of the coralsnake, Micrurus nebularis Roze 1989, from the state of Puebla, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 131–133 - get paper here
  • Roze J A 1989. New species and subspecies of coral snakes, genus Micrurus (Elapidae), with notes on type specimens of several species. American Museum Novitates (2932) : 1-15 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884
 
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