Micrurus remotus ROZE, 1987
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|Higher Taxa||Elapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Remote coral snake|
Portuguese: Cobra-Coral, Coral-Verdadeira, Cobra-Coral-Remota, Cobra-Coral-Ornata
|Synonym||Micrurus psyches remotus ROZE 1987|
Micrurus remotus — ROZE 1994
Micrurus remotus — KORNACKER 1999: 159
Micrurus remotus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 453
Micrurus remotus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019
|Distribution||S Venezuela, SE Colombia, Brazil (Roraima etc.)|
Type locality: Base camp of Cerra de la Neblina, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela.
donosoi: Brazil (Para); TT: São Felix do Xingu, Pará, Brasil.
|Types||Holotype: USNM 266100, male|
|Diagnosis||Definition: A single-banded coral snake with a black cap that fuses with the black nuchal band that is about 4 dorsals long. The black body bands range from 25 to 40. The red bands are black-tipped and with brownish overtones, and the males lack supraanal tubercles (Roze 1996: 213).|
Description: Males have 202 to 203 (202.3) and females have 214 to 225 (219.3) ventrals; subcaudals 42 to 49 (46.3) in males and 32 to 37 (35.3) in females; 1+2 or 1+1 temporals. Examined: 3 males and 4 females, including the holotype.
The black cap is fused with the black nuchal band. The temporals and the last supralabials are yellowish with brownish or dark spots and dots. The chin may be covered by an irregular mottling of white and black, or the black may be more concentrated on the mental and the first infralabials. The black nuchal band is 4 dorsals and 3 ventrals long and projects onto the second pair of genials. The black bands are 2 to 3 dorsals and ventrals long and are somewhat irregular ventra11y. The red bands are distinct, with black-tipped scales and brownish overtones. Ventra11y they are immaculate red or have some irregular black mottling. The yellowish white bands are about half a dorsallong, forming interrupted and irregular crossbands bordering the black bands. Ventrally, the white bands are a full scale long. Only black and yellowish-white bands are found on the tail, but the latter usually have a small, reddishbrown dorsal spot.
The males have 25 to 29 (27.3) and the females have 29 to 40 (34.0) black body bands; 7 to 8 (8.7) black tail bands in males and 6 to 8 (7.0) in females (Roze 1996: 213).
|Etymology||Remotus, Latin for distant, alludes to the distribution of this snake in little-traveled regions where only Indians and occasional naturalists venture.|
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