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Mintonophis pakistanicus (MERTENS, 1959)

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sind River Mud Snake 
SynonymEnhydris pakistanica MERTENS 1959
Enhydris pakistanica — DAS 1996: 56
Enhydris pakistanica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 272
Mintonophis pakistanicus — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 28 

Type locality: "Jati, unteres Indus-Gebiet, Sind, West-Pakistan." [=Pakistan]. “  
TypesHolotype: SMF 56340, a 708 mm male (M.G. Konieczny, 5 June 1958). 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (genus): Large, relatively thin body, exceptionally long tail, very narrow ventrals on anterior, nasals in contact; dorsal scales smooth, in 29 rows at mid-body, chin shields greatly reduced in size or absent.

Diagnosis (species): “Eine schlanke Art der Gattung Enhydris mit schmalen Ventralia und sehr zahlreichen Subcaudalia (84-90), deren Zahl von keiner anderen Enhydris-Art erreicht wird.” (Mertens 1959) 
CommentType species: Enhydris pakistanica MERTENS 1959 is the type species of the genus Mintonophis MURPHY & VORIS 2014.

Diet: fish, frogs, crustaceans 
EtymologyNamed in honor of Sherman A. Minton, Jr. for his work on the Pakistan herpetofauna. Gender of the genus is feminine. 
  • Fabre, Anne-Claire; David Bickford, Marion Segall and Anthony Herrel 2016. The impact of diet, habitat use, and behaviour on head shape evolution in homalopsid snakes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12753 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1959. Eine neue Wassernatter aus West-Pakistan. Senckenbergiana biologica 40: 117-120
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. Homalopsid Snakes: Evolution in the Mud. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 249 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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