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Mitophis calypso (THOMAS, MCDIARMID & THOMPSON, 1985)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SynonymLeptotyphlops calypso THOMAS, MCDIARMID & THOMPSON 1985: 206.
Leptotyphlops calypso — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 618
Leptotyphlops calypso — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 25
Mitophis calypso — WALLACH et al. 2014: 456 

Type locality: 6.5 km S Las Galeras, Samaná Province, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 236659. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum SVL 190 mm; SVL/midbody diameter 73-87; middorsal scales 375-380; subcaudals 19-20; scale rows 14 reducing to 12 at 96-97% SVL by fusion of scale rows (usually) 2 and 3; eye size 1/6 to 1/8 distance from anterior border of naris to posterior border of eye; rostral moderate in width; snout broadly rounded, not protuberant; supralabials 4; infralabials 4; pigmentation lacking (pink in life) (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 618). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, McDiarmid, and Thompson, 1985. 
EtymologyCalypso is a proper noun that derives from the Greek verb "to hide" (kalypto, "I hide"); this new species is certainly well hidden in nature. Furthermore, Calypso, the nymph who sequestered Odysseus on Ogygia, was in island creature; and calypso, as a music form, has West Indian associations, even if not in the Hispaniolan traditions. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R., R. W. McDiarmid, and F. G. Thompson. 1985. Three new species of thread snakes (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) from Hispaniola. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 98: 204-220. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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