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Mixcoatlus melanurus (MÜLLER, 1924)

IUCN Red List - Mixcoatlus melanurus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Black-tailed Horned Pitviper
S: Cornuda Cola Negra 
SynonymTrimeresurus melanurus MÜLLER 1924: 92
Bothrops melanura AMARAL 1930: 129
Trimeresurus garciai SMITH 1940: 62
Trimeresurus melanurus — SMITH 1941: 63
Trimeresurus garciae — TAYLOR 1944: 187
Porthidium melanurum — SMITH & SMITH 1976
Bothrops melanurus — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981:179 [1978/79]
Porthidium melanurus — MEHRTENS 1987: 392
Porthidium melanurum — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 266
Porthidium melanurum — LINER 1994
Porthidium melanurum — WELCH 1994: 101
Ophryacus melanurus — GUTBERLET 1998: 200
Ophryacus melanurus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 314
Ophryacus melanurum — CASAS-ANDREU et al. 2004
Mixcoatlus melanurus — JADIN et al. 2011
Mixcoatlus melanurus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 457 
DistributionMexico (S Puebla, NW Oaxaca), elevation 1600-2400 m.

Type locality: “Mexico”  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 26403 

Synonymy: mostly after McDIARMID et al. 1999.

Habitat: forests 
EtymologyFrom the Greek melanós and ourá meaning tail in allusion to its coloration. 
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Grünwald, Christoph I.; Jason M. Jones, Hector Franz-Chávez, and Iván T. Ahumada-Carrillo 2015. A new species of Ophryacus (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from eastern Mexico, with commentson the taxonomy of related pitvipers. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 388 - get paper here
  • Gutberlet, Ronald L. Jr. 1998. The phylogenetic position of the Mexican Black Tailed pitviper (Squamata: Viperidae: Crotalinae). Herpetologica 54 (2): 184-206. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • JADIN, ROBERT C.; ERIC N. SMITH and JONATHAN A. CAMPBELL 2011. Unravelling a tangle of Mexican serpents: a systematic revision of highland pitvipers. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 943–958 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Müller, L. 1924. Ueber neue oder seltene Mittel- und Südamerikanische Amphibien und Reptilien. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 11 (1): 75-93 [1923]
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1940. Descriptions of new lizards and snakes from México and Guatemala. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 53: 55-64. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1941. Notes on Mexican snakes of the genus Trimeresurus. Zoologica 26: 61-64. - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Smith,R.B. 1976. Synopsis of the Herpetofauna of Mexico. Vol. III. Source analysis and index for Mexican reptiles. John Johnson, North Bennington, Vermont.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884 - get paper here
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