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Mniarogekko chahoua (BAVAY, 1869)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Bavay's Giant Gecko, New Caledonian mossy gecko, Mossy prehensile-tailed gecko
G: Neukaledonischer Riesengecko 
SynonymPlatydactylus Chahoua BAVAY 1869: 3
Platydactylus (Rhacodactylus) chahoua -SAUVAGE 1879: 66 (partim)
Chameleonurus chahoua — BOULENGER 1879 (partim)
Rhacodactylus chahoua — BOULENGER 1883: 125
Rhacodactylus chahoua — BOULENGER 1885: 177
Rhacodactylus chahoua — ROUX 1913
Rhacodactylus chahoua — MERTENS 1964: 55
Rhacodactylus chahoua — KLUGE 1993
Rhacodactylus chahoua — RÖSLER 2000: 108
Rhacodactylus chahua [sic] — BRUSE 2004
Mniarogekko chahoua — BAUER et al. 2012 
DistributionS/C New Caledonia

Type locality: Canala, New Caledonia.  
TypesNeotype: CAS 156692, designated by Bauer (1985). Original holotype, EMNB (Musée de l'Ecole de Médecine Navale de Brest), lost. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). Mniarogekko may be distinguished from all other New Caledonian diplodactylid geckos by the following combination of character states: body large (to 147 mm SVL); head moderately-sized; tail approximately equal to SVL; dorsal scalation granular, homogeneous; loose folds of skin present on margins of mandible and along ventrolateral border of body; expanded undivided subdigital lamellae under all toes; webbing between digits relatively extensive; claw of digit I of manus and pes positioned lateral to a single, undivided apical lamella; precloacal pores in three or four rows in males, anterior two rows extending onto base of thighs (70–120 pores in total); dorsal color pattern highly variable but consisting of a gray, olive, brown, reddish or orangey background usually with dark middorsal blotches and/or transverse markings, with one or more patches of ashy to lichenous green patches; venter cream to greenish. 
CommentAbundance: Uncommon and restricted to a few localities.

Type Species: Platydactylus chahoua Bavay, 1869 is the type species of the genus Mniarogekko Bauer, Whitaker, Sadlier & Jackman 2012. 
EtymologyThe genus name is derived from the Greek word mniaros, meaning mossy and gekko, from the Malay ‘gekoq’, onomatopoeia of the call of the species Gekko gecko and the common name to all limbed gekkotans. A Sri Lankan origin for the word gekko, derived from the Sinhalese word ‘gego’, is also possible (de Silva & Bauer, 2008). The name is masculine and should be pronounced “Nē-aro-gekko.” It refers to the mossy or lichenous markings that are common on members of this genus. (de Vosjoli et al. 2003). 
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. (eds.) 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, A.M. 1985. Notes on the taxonomy, morphology and behavior of Rhacodactylus chahoua. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 36: 81-94 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M., and Sadlier, R.A. 2001. New data on the distribution, status, and biology of the giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus spp.). Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 2 (1): 24-29 [2000] - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 1995. Geckos of the genus Rhacodactylus. Reptiles 3 (7): 32-49
  • BAUER, AARON M.; TODD R. JACKMAN, ROSS A. SADLIER & ANTHONY H. WHITAKER 2012. Revision of the giant geckos of New Caledonia (Reptilia: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus). Zootaxa 3404: 1–52 - get paper here
  • Bavay,A. 1869. Catalogue des Reptiles de las Nouvelle - Caledonie et description d'especes nouvelles. Memoires Societe Linniene de Normandie 15: 1-37
  • Böhme, W. & Henkel, F. W. 1985. Zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Neukaledoniens, speziell der Gattung Rhacodactylus. Herpetofauna 7 (34): 23-29 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1879. Sur l’identité spéficifique de Chameleonurus trachycephalus Boulenger et Platydactylus chahoua Bavay. Bull. Soc. zool. France 4: 141 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. On the geckos of New Caledonia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1883: 116—130. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Bruse, F. 2004. Zucht der Schokoschabe (Shellfordella tartara). Reptilia (Münster) 9 (49): 33-35 - get paper here
  • de Vosjoli, Philippe;Fast, Frank 1995. Notes from a herpetological field trip to New Caledonia, part two. Notes on three species of New Caledonian geckos of the genus Rhacodactylus. Vivarium 6 (6): 26-29;53-54
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Good, D. A., A. M. Bauer & Sadlier, R.A. 1997. Allozyme evidence for the phylogeny of giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus), with comments on the status of R. leachianus henkeli. Australian Journal of Zoology 45: 317-330 - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.W. 1986. Rhacodactylus chahoua (BAVAY, 1869). Sauria 8 (3) Suppl.: 051–052 - get paper here
  • Henkel, Friedrich Wilhelm 2008. Beobachtungen an Neukaledonischen Riesengeckos in der Natur. Draco 9 (36): 14-22 - get paper here
  • Henkel,F.W. 1986. Bemerkungen über einige Rhacodactylus-Arten. Herpetofauna 8 (42): 6-8 - get paper here
  • Hudel, L., Georg, L. and Henkel, L. 2020. New distribution records: four species of giant geckos (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae) occur in syntopy on Ile des Pins, New Caledonia. Herpetology Notes 13: 261-265. - get paper here
  • Langner, Christian 2008. Der Neukaledonische Flechtengecko Rhacodactylus chahoua. Draco 9 (36): 64-71 - get paper here
  • Mertens, Robert 1964. Neukaledonische Riesengeckos (Rhacodactylus). Der Zoologische Garten (N.F.) 29: 49-57
  • MUSSELECK, J. 2013. Über das Öffnen von Geckoeiern, mit Anmerkungen zum Aufbau der Eischale. Sauria 35 (3): 49-54 - get paper here
  • MUSSELECK, J. & M. BARTS 2011. Über eine ungewöhnlich hohe Anzahl von Eiern in einem Gelege von Rhacodactylus chahoua (BAVAY, 1869). Sauria 33 (3): 61-62 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Studien an den Begattungsorganen der Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) - 3. Die Hemipenismorphologie von Arten der Gattungen Hoplodactylus FITZINGER 1843, Naultinus GRAY 1842, Oedura GRAY 1842, Rhacodactylus FITZINGER 1843 und Strophurus FITZINGER 1843 (Gek Gekkota 2: 220-248
  • Roux,J. 1913. Les reptiles de de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Nova Caledonia, Recherches scientifiques en Nouvelle Calédonie et aux Iles Loyalty. Zoologie. (vol. 1, L. 2). Sarasin, F. & Roux,J. (eds.). C.W. Kreidel’s Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 79-160 - get paper here
  • Sauvage, H. E. 1879. Note sur les geckotiens de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Bull. Soc. philom. Paris (7) 3: 63—73 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, P. 2015. Rhacodactylus – Vielfältige Riesen aus Neukaledonien. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (113): 14-23 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, Patrick & Stefanie Schönecker 2008. Die Gattung Rhacodactylus. Draco 9 (36): 4-13 - get paper here
  • Stark, T. 2006. Rhacodactylus chahoua. Lacerta 64 (2): 48-54 - get paper here
  • Tytle, Tim 1999. Rhacodactylus chahoua: Natural History, Captive Maintenance, and Reproduction. Gekko 1 (1): 22-27
  • Vences M, Henkel FW & Seipp,R 2001. Molekulare Untersuchungen zur Phylogenie und Taxonomie der Neukaledonischen Geckos der Gattung Rhacodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 37 (2): 73-82 - get paper here
  • Watkins-Colwell, Gregory J. 2002. Gecko Hunting in New Caledonia. Gekko 3 (2): 2-8
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