Monopeltis capensis SMITH, 1848
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Monopeltis capensis?
|Higher Taxa||Amphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Cape Worm Lizard, South African Shield-snouted Amphisbaenian, Cape Wedgesnouted Worm Lizard|
|Synonym||Monopeltis capensis SMITH 1848|
Monotrophis capensis — GRAY 1865: 376 (in error)
Lepidosternon capense — STRAUCH 1881
Monopeltis decosteri BOULENGER 1910
Monopeltis capensis capensis — BROADLEY 1962
Monopeltis capensis capensis — AUERBACH 1987: 140
Monopeltis capensis — BROADLEY 1997: 8
Monopeltis capensis — GANS 2005: 35
Monopeltis capensis — BATES et al. 2014: 152
|Distribution||Republic of South Africa (Cape Province, Orange Free State, Transvaal), Botswana (Kalahari Region south to Orange River and along Zambezi and Limpopo river valleys), Zimbabwe|
Type locality: Latitude 24° South, South Africa [= near the junction of the Limpopo and Motwan rivers, Northern Province].
Type locality: Delagoa Bay (= Maputo, S. Mozambique) [Monopeltis decosteri]
|Types||Syntypes: BMNH 126.96.36.199; RR BMNH 19188.8.131.52-7. (London)|
|Diagnosis||Description (genus): Head depressed, snout projecting, sharp-edged; nostril inferior, pierced in a usually-elongate nasal; a gular fold; no vertebral line, a lateral line, no ventral line; pectoral segments enlarged but subject to subdivision; preanal pores present or absent; tail cylindrical, obtuse. Teeth anchylosed to the sides of the jaws.|
Note: Loveridge 1941: 406 expressed “considerable difficulty in devising a synopsis which would reflect taxonomic and geographical relationships. In view of the fact that the majority of species are still only known from the types makes it essential that considerable caution should be exercised in using the synopsis” he provided.
|Comment||Synonymy that of BROADLEY et al. (1976). These authors also grouped Monopeltis capensis capensis into 4 groups, A-D. Monopeltis capensis rhodesianus BROADLEY et al. 1976 has been elevated to species status. Because this and other forms have been spit off, the species doesn’t seem to occur in Namibia, Angola, S Zimbabwe, S Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi as reported previously. Monopeltis capensis gazei FITZSIMONS 1937 is now considered as a synonym of M. sphenorhynchus.|
Type Species: Monopeltis capensis is the type species of the genus Monopeltis. Note that Monopeltis welwitschi is the type species of the genus Dalophia (fide GANS 2005).
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