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Montivipera latifii (MERTENS, DAREVSKY & KLEMMER, 1967)

IUCN Red List - Montivipera latifii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Latifi's Viper 
SynonymVipera latifii MERTENS, DAREVSKY & KLEMMER 1967
Daboia (Daboia) raddei latifii — OBST 1983: 233
Vipera raddei latifii — GOLAY et al. 1993
Vipera latifii — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera (Montivipera) latifii — NILSON et al. 1999: 101
Vipera latifii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 406
Montivipera latifii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 459
Montivipera latifi — KAMALI 2020 
DistributionIran (Tehran Province: Alborz Mountains)

Type locality: Hochtal von Lar (2180-2900 m elevation), süd-westliche des Demavend-Gipfels im Elburs-Gebirge, nordöstlich von Teheran, Iran.  
Reproduction(ovo-) viparous. 
TypesHolotype: SMF 62585 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Nilson & Andrén 1986: 47 

Distribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
EtymologyNamed after the collector of the type, Dr. M. Latifi. 
  • Andren, C. and Nilson, G. 1979. Vipera latifii (Reptilia, Serpentes, Viperidae) an endangered viper from Lar Valley, Iran, and remarks on the sympatric herpetofauna. Journal of Herpetology 13 (3): 335-341 - get paper here
  • Behrooz, Roozbeh; Mohammad Kaboli, Véronique Arnal, Masoud Nazarizadeh, Atefeh Asadi, Amin Salmanian, Mohsen Ahmadi, Claudine Montgelard; 2018. Conservation Below The Species Level: Suitable Evolutionarily Significant Units Among Mountain Vipers (The Montivipera Raddei Complex) in Iran. Journal of Heredity, esy005, - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • HASSANIAN-MOGHADDAM, HOSSEIN; SEYED MOSTAFA MONZAVI, FARSHAD MAZDA SHIRAZI, DAVID A. WARRELL & OMID MEHRPOUR. 2022. First report of a confirmed case of Montivipera latifii (Latifi’s viper) envenoming and a literature review of envenoming by Montivipera species. Toxicon 207: 48–51. - get paper here
  • Hromadka, J. 1979. Vipera latifii a new species of snake. Ziva 27 (1): 26-27
  • Joger,U. & M. Meder. 1997. Taxonomic Resolution of the Vipera xanthina Complex. In: Herpetology '97, Abstracts of the Third World Congress of Herpetology 2-10 August 1997 Prague, Czech Republic, Rocek,Z. & S. Hart (eds.), 244 p.:106.
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mertens, R., Darevsky,I.S. & K. Klemmer. 1967. Vipera latifii, eine neue Giftschlange aus dem Iran. Senckenbergiana biologica 48 (3): 161-168.
  • Nilson G; Andren C 1986. The mountain vipers of the Middle East - the Vipera xanthina complex (Reptilia: Viperidae). Bonner Zool. Monogr. 20: 1-90 - get paper here
  • Nilson,G.; TUNIYEV,B.; ANDRÉN,C.; ORLOV,N.; JOGER,U. & HERRMANN,H. W. 1999. Taxonomic position of the Vipera xanthina complex. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 99-102
  • Obst, F.J. 1983. Zur Kenntnis der Schlangengattung Vipera. Zool. Abh. staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 38: 229-235
  • Rajabizadeh, M. 2018. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp. [2017 ?] - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, Mahdi; Dominique Adriaens, Mohammad Kaboli, Jaleh Sarafraz, Mohsen Ahmadi 2015. Dorsal colour pattern variation in Eurasian mountain vipers (genus Montivipera): A trade-off between thermoregulation and crypsis. Zoologischer Anzeiger 257: 1–9; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2015.03.006 - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, Mehdi; Ali Yazdanpanah, Sylvain Ursenbacher 2012. Preliminary analysis of dorsal pattern variation and sexual dimorphism in Montivipera latifii (Mertens, Darevsky and Klemmer, 1967) (Ophidia: Viperidae). Acta Herpetologica 7 (1): 13-21 - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, Mehdi; Göran Nilson, and Haji Gholi Kami 2011. A New Species of Mountain Viper (Ophidia: Viperidae) from the Central Zagros Mountains, Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (3): 235 – 240 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Stümpel, Nikolaus; Mehdi Rajabizadeh, Aziz Avcı, Wolfgang Wüster, Ulrich Joger 2016. Phylogeny and diversification of mountain vipers (Montivipera, Nilson et al. 2001) triggered by multiple Plio-Pleistocene refugia and high-mountain topography in the Near and Middle East. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.025 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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