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Myriopholis ionidesi (BROADLEY & WALLACH, 2007)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Myriopholini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Ionides’ worm snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops ionidesi BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007: 27
Leptotyphlops longicaudus — LOVERIDGE 1942: 260 (part.)
Leptotyphlops longicaudus — SPAWLS et al. 2001: 304 (part.)
Myriopholis ionidesi — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Myriopholis ionidesi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 463
Myriopholis ionidesi — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 374 
DistributionSE Tanzania, N Malawi, N Mozambique, elevation 0-130 m.

Type locality: Liwale, Southern Province, Tanzania (09°47’S, 38°00’E, elevation 600 m)  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 57440, collected by C. J. P. Ionides (field no. 8333), 27 April 1958. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A member of the Leptotyphlops longicaudus species group, resembling L. longicaudus but distinguished by a narrower rostral, small anterior supralabial, fewer subcaudals, absence of a beak and smaller size. It agrees in size with L. braccianii, but differs in its much narrower rostral and higher subcaudal counts. Skull with a large frontoparietal foramen like L. cairi.
CommentHabitat: Miombo woodland. 
EtymologyNamed to commemorate C.J.P. Ionides, who collected the holotype and series of many other fossorial reptiles in Tanzania. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A revision of the genus Leptotyphlops in northeastern Africa and southwestern Arabia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 1408: 1–78 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1942. Scientific results of a fourth expedition to forested areas in east and central Africa. IV. Reptiles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 237-373 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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