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Nadzikambia baylissi BRANCH & TOLLEY, 2010

IUCN Red List - Nadzikambia baylissi - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymNadzikambia baylissi BRANCH & TOLLEY 2010
Nadzikambia baylissi — LIVIGNI 2013: 281
Nadzikambia baylissi — CONRADIE et al. 2019 
DistributionMozambique (evergreen forest on Mount Mabu)

Type locality: forest base camp in the extensive, mid-altitude forest that nestles under the eastern face of Mount Mabu, Zambézia Province, Mozambique (16°17’10.1’’ S, 36°24’ 02.2’’ E, ca. 967 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: PEM R18055, adult male. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The new species can be distinguished from N. mlanjensis by its lateral body scalation that comprises often abutting, squarish, non-tubercular body scales (lateral body scales conical, subcircular, and usually separated by granules in N. mlanjensis, Fig. 2E); by generally having a higher number of labials, particularly on the upper lip (Fig. 2, Table 2); in having generally smooth scales on the crown of the head (Fig. 2) with a reduced parietal crest (cranial scales rugose and with well- developed parietal crest in N. mlanjensis); by having a simple hemipenis with reduced apical ornamentation (a pair of large apical papillate lobes present in N. mlanjensis, Fig. 3.), and by monophyly with high support using two mitochondrial and one nuclear marker. Male body colouration may also differ, although this requires confirmation with additional material [from BRANCH & TOLLEY 2010]. 
EtymologyThe patronym honours the outstanding contributions of Dr Julian Bayliss, field organiser of recent surveys undertaken under the auspices of the Darwin Initiative to montane isolates in central Mozambique, and which have considerably increased our knowledge of the regional herpetofauna. See also Tolley 2020 for some anecdotal accounts of chameleon discovery in Mozambique. 
  • Branch W.R. & Tolley, K.A. 2010. A new species of chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae: Nadzikambia) from Mount Mabu, central Mozambique. African Journal of Herpetology 59 (2): 157-172 - get paper here
  • Conradie, Werner; Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Hanlie M. Engelbrecht, Simon P. Loader, Michele Menegon, Cristóvão Nanvonamuquitxo, Michael Scott, Krystal A. Tolley 2016. Exploration into the hidden world of Mozambique’s sky island forests: new discoveries of reptiles and amphibians. Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (2): 163–180, DOI 10.3897/zse.92.9948 - get paper here
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, & GILLIAN WATSON 2019. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 2: Reptiles (Squamata). Zootaxa 4576 (1): 001–045 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • TOLLEY, K. A 2020. Into Africa: Going Boldly to Places Herpetologists Have Not Gone Before. Herpetological Review 51: 648-650.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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