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Namazonurus pustulatus (PETERS, 1862)

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Herero Girdled Lizard 
SynonymZonurus pustulatus PETERS 1862: 19
Zonurus pustulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 258
Cordylus cordylus pustulatus FITZSIMONS 1943
Cordylus pustulatus — LOVERIDGE 1944
Cordylus pustulatus — BAUER et al. 1995: 54
Cordylus pustulatus — ADOLPHS 2006
Namazonurus pustulatus — STANLEY et al. 2011
Namazonurus pustulatus — REISSIG 2014
Namazonurus pustulatus — SCHLEICHER 2020 
DistributionNamibia (Hereroland)

Type locality: Neu-Barmen [= Otjimbingue, Namibia] by implication.  
ReproductionOvoviviparous / Viviparous, giving birth to 2–4 young. 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 4221, 4222; another type, ZMB 4361 apparently lost fide Bauer et al. 1994. 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus): Body flattened in cross-section, small-sized (maximum SVL 75–82 mm), robust. Limbs of moderate length, digits unreduced. Supernasals enlarged and tubular. Dorsal scales small and smooth to keeled in 22–32 transverse rows; caudal scales enlarged and spinose; head triangular; no occipital spines present. Lower eyelid with or without transparent disc. Tongue unpigmented. Osteoderms distributed across entire body (Stanley et al. 2011) 
CommentType species: Zonurus pustulatus PETERS 1862 is the type species of the genus Namazonurus STANLEY et al. 2011. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): Masculine name derived from Nama, referring to Namaqualand as broadly construed, the area occupied by Nama speaking peoples, and Zonurus, girdle-tailed, the earlier name long used for Cordylus sensu lato. 
  • Adolphs, K. 2006. Bibliotheca Cordyliformium. Squamata Verlag, Sankt Augustin, 303 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Heaton, J.S., Amutenya, K.K., Ndaitwah, C. & Kalinda, M. 2017. Namazonurus pustulatus (Herero Nama Lizard) Elevation and abundance. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 652-654. - get paper here
  • Heaton, Jill S. 2017. Namazonurus pustulatus (Herero Nama Lizard) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 196 - get paper here
  • Heaton, Jill S. and Nakanwa, Justina 2017. Namazonurus pustulatus (Herero Nama Lizard) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 195-196 - get paper here
  • Heaton, Jill S. and Reissig, Jens 2017. Namazonurus pustulatus (Herero Nama Lizard) Scale counts. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 194-195 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • MOUTON, P. LE FRAS N.; DAHNÉ A. JANSE VAN RENSBURG and JOHANNES H. VAN WYK 2010. Epidermal glands in cordylid lizards, with special reference to generation glands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 312–324. - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1862. Übersicht einiger von dem , durch seine afrikanische Sprachforschungen, rühmlichst bekannten, Hrn. Missionär C.H. Hahn bei Neu-Barmen, im Hererolande, and der Westküste von Afrika, im 21˚ südl. Br. gesammelten Amphibien, nebst Beschreibungen der neue Monatsber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1862: 15-26 - get paper here
  • Reissig, J. 2014. Girdled Lizards and Their Relatives. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, ISBN-10: 3899734378
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2020. Reptiles of Namibia. Kuiseb Publishers, Windhoek, Namibia, 271 pp.
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
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