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Natriciteres bipostocularis BROADLEY, 1962

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Southwestern Forest Marsh Snake 
SynonymNatriciteres olivacea bipostocularis BROADLEY 1962
Neusterophis fuliginoides — DE WITTE 1953
Natriciteres olivacea uluguruensis BROADLEY & PITMAN 1960 (not LOVERIDGE 1958)
Natriciteres variegata bipostocularis — BROADLEY 1966
Natriciteres bipostocularis — HAAGNER et al. 2000
Natriciteres bipostocularis — BROADLEY et al. 2003
Natriciteres bipostocularis — BROADLEY et al. 2004
Natriciteres bipostocularis — BRANCH 2008
Natriciteres bipostocularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 474 
DistributionZambia, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire: Katanga), C Angola; elevation 1320-1585 m.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: NMZB (also as NMSR) 3524 (Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe, Bulawayo) 
DiagnosisDescription. Preocular 1 (rarely 2); postoculars 2 (3 on one side of one Angola snake); temporals 1+2; upper labials 8 (rarely 7 or 9), the fourth and fifth (rarely third and fourth or fifth and sixth) entering the orbit; lower labials 8 (rarely 9) the first four in contact with the anterior sublinguals; dorsal scales smooth in 17 rows anteriorly, reducing to 15 posteriorly by fusion of rows III and IV (rarely II+HI)
between ventrals 59-85; ventrals 130-138 in males, 136-140 in females; anal divided; subcaudals 65-78 in males, 64-70 in females (from BROADLEY 1966).

Coloration. Similar to N. v. sylvatica, but never with a well-defined pale nuchal collar. Zambian specimens show no trace of this marking. The dark coloration at the ends of the ventrals tends to extend along the basal edges of these scutes (from BROADLEY 1966). 
Comment 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Branch, W.R. 2008. PROPOSED KALUKUNDI MINE (DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO) - TERRESTRIAL FAUNA. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REPORT (FINAL REPORT). A specialist report for Envirolution Consulting (Pty) Ltd., 83 pp.
  • Branch, W.R. & Rödel, M.-O. 2003. Herpetological survey of the Haute Dodo and Cavally forests, western ivory Coast, Part II: Trapping, results and reptiles. Salamandra 39 (1): 21-38 - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R.; Rödel, M.-O. & Marais, J. 2005. Herpetological survey of the Niassa Game Reserve, northern Mozambique - Part I: Reptiles. Salamandra 41 (4): 195-214 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. Serpentes, Colubridae, Natriciteres olivacea bipostocularis n. subsp. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 3 (26B): 785-786
  • Broadley, D.G. 1966. A review of the genus Natriciteres Loveridge (Serpentes: Colubridae). Arnoldia 2 (35): 1-11
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, D.G.; Pitman, C.R.S. 1960. On a collection of Snakes Taken in northern Rhodesia by Monsieur H.J. Bredo. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. Southern Rhodesia 24B: 437-451
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Haagner,G.V.; Branch,W.R. & Haagner,A.J.F. 2000. Notes on a collection of reptiles from Zambia and adjacent areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Annals of the Eastern Cape Museum 1: 1 – 25
  • Leaché, Adam D.; Mark-Oliver Rödel, Charles W. Linkem, Raul E. Diaz, Annika Hillers, and Matthew K. Fujita 2006. Biodiversity in a forest island: reptiles and amphibians of the Togo Hills, Kyabobo National Park, Ghana. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 22-45 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Menegon, Michele; Nike Doggart, Nisha Owen 2008. The Nguru mountains of Tanzania, an outstanding hotspot of herpetofaunal diversity. Acta Herpetologica 3 (2): 107-127
  • Rödel M O; Mahsberg D 2000. Vorläufige Liste der Schlangen des Tai-Nationalparks/Elfenbeinküste und angrenzender Gebiete. Salamandra 36 (1): 25-38 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mané, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp. - get paper here
  • Ullenbruch, K.; Grell, O.; Böhme, W. 2010. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (1): 31-54 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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