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Nephrurus levis DE VIS, 1886

IUCN Red List - Nephrurus levis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaCarphodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesNephrurus levis levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus levis occidentalis STORR 1963
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis STORR 1963 
Common NamesE: Three-lined Knob-tail, Smooth Knob-tailed Gecko, Common Knob-tailed Gecko 
SynonymNephrurus levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus laevis — BOULENGER 1887
Nephrurus platyurus — BOULENGER 1887
Nephrurus laevis — STERNFELD 1925: 228
Nephrurus levis — COGGER 2000: 256
Nephrurus levis — OLIVER & BAUER 2011
Nephrurus levis — COGGER 2014: 266

Nephrurus levis levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus platyurus BOULENGER 1886
Nephrurus levis levis — WERMUTH 1965
Nephrurus laevis laevis — BARTS & HULBERT 2004
Nephrurus levis levis — RÖSLER 2018: 23

Nephrurus levis occidentalis STORR 1963
Nephrurus levis occidentalis STORR 1963
Nephrurus occidentalis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Nephrurus laevis occidentalis — KLUGE 1991
Nephrurus levis occidentalis — LAUBE 2001
Nephrurus levis occidentalis — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Nephrurus levis pilbarensis STORR 1963
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis STORR 1963
Nephrurus pilbarensis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Nephrurus laevis pilbarensis — KLUGE 1991
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis — RÖSLER 1995: 74
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis — LAUBE 2001
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis — DE LISLE et al. 2013 
DistributionAustralia (arid/semi-arid central Australia west of the Great Dividing Range:
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia,
Western Australia)

occidentalis: central coast of Western Australia
pilbarensis: Pilbara region, Western Australia
levis: remainder of range: most of the arid interior of Australia

Type locality: not given, restriction to Chinchilla, Qld. proposed by Covacevich (1971).  
TypesHolotype: QM J246
Holotype: WAM R13918, ‘Narryer, WA (26°34'S, 115°56'E)’, N. Armstrong, 1961. Paratypes (14): R61, R7249, R10296, Mullewa, WA; R1904, Yuna, WA; R2255, Waggrakine, WA; R5323, Marilla, WA; R5353, Geraldton, WA; R8210, Warroora, WA; R8708, Onslow, WA; R9007, Cardabia, WA; R9165, Gnaraloo, WA; R13113, Yardie Creek, WA; R13917, Narryer, WA; R14027, North–west Cape, WA; R16864, 8 mi [12.8 km] SW Bullara, WA; R19643, Denham, WA [occidentalis]
Holotype: WAM R14835, ‘12 miles [19.3 km] east of Mundabullangana, WA (20°31'S, 118°13'E)’, G.M Storr and B.T. Clay, 23 February 1962. Paratypes (9): R1640, De Grey, WA; R3890, Well 15, Canning Stock Route, WA; R8520, Shaw River Tank, WA; R11330, Shaw River, WA; R13061–62, R13325, Woodstock, WA; R14833–34, Mundabullangana, WA [pilbarensis] 
CommentAbsent from SW- and NE-West Australia, humid regions of southeastern and east coastal Australia and from the tropical north. 
  • Barts, M. & Hulbert, F. 2004. Die Geckos der Welt. Draco 5 (18): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1886. Description of a new gecko of the genus Nephrurus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)18: 91 - get paper here
  • Bush, B. 1981. Reptiles of the Kalgoorlie-Esperance Region. B. Bush, Perth, 46 pp - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich, J. 1971. Amphibian and reptile type specimens in the Queensland Museum. [type catalogue] Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 16: 49-68
  • de Vis, C. W. 1886. On certain geckos in the Queensland Museum. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales (2) 1 (I): 168—170 [1887] - get paper here
  • Dittmer, D. E., Chapman, T. L. & Bidwell, J. R. 2020. In the shadow of an iconic inselberg: Uluru’s shadow influences climates and reptile assemblage structure at its base. J. Arid Environ. 181, 104179 (2020) - get paper here
  • Ellis, Ryan J.; Paul Doughty and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos and pygopods (Squamata: Gekkota: Carphodactylidae, Diplodactylidae, Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae) in the collection of the Western Australian Museum. Records of the Western Australian Museum 33: 051–094 - get paper here
  • Ferguson, Daniel J.; Mathieson, Michael T.; Eyre, Teresa J. 2015. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE BEADED GECKO Lucasium damaeum AND SMOOTH KNOB-TAILED GECKO Nephrurus levis AT THEIR EASTERN LIMIT IN SOUTHWEST QUEENSLAND. Queensland Naturalist 53 (1-3): 19-28 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Hays, Brenton J.; Joseph R. Bidwell and Drew E. Dittmer 2019. An assessment of thermal preference of two species of Knob-tailed Geckos, Nephrurus levis and N. laevissimus, at Uluru Kata-Tjuta National Park. Northern Territory Naturalist 29: 40-53 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die “Geckos” Australiens. Draco 8 (29): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Laube, Andreas 2001. Captive Maintenance and Breeding of Some Ground Dwelling Australian Geckos, Part 1: Nephrurus laevissimus and Nephrurus levis. Gekko 2 (1): 30-36
  • Maryan, B. 2005. A HERPETOFAUNA HOTSPOT, THE CENTRAL WEST COAST OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA. Western Australian Naturalist 25 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Oliver, P.M. & Bauer, A.M. 2011. Systematics. and evolution of the Australian knob-tail geckos (Nephrurus, Carphodactylidae, Gekkota): Pleisomorphic grades and biome shifts through the Miocene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (3): 664-674 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2018. Haftbar -- Die einzigartige Welt der Geckos. Begleitheft zur Ausstellung im Naturkundemuseum Erfurt Mai-Aug 2018, 96 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • SCHENK, S. 2009. Scheinpaarung bei zwei Weibchen des australischen Geckos Nephrurus levis levis de Vis, 1889 im Terrarium. Sauria 31 (2): 57-59 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Storr, G. M. 1963. The gekkonid genus Nephrurus in Western Australia, including a new species and three new subspecies. J. Royal Soc. Western Australia, 46:85-90.
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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