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Ninia pavimentata (BOCOURT, 1883)

IUCN Red List - Ninia pavimentata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Northern Banded Coffee Snake 
SynonymStreptophorus maculatus pavimentatus BOCOURT 1883: 549
Ninia maculata pavimentata —STUART 1948: 75
Ninia maculata pavimentata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 223
Ninia pavimentata — SMITH & CAMPBELL 1996
Ninia pavimentata — KÖHLER 2008
Ninia pavimentata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 487 
DistributionGuatemala, Honduras (310-1500 m elevation)

Type locality: Alta Verapaz, Guatemala  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 5973, MNHN-RA 1192 and MNHN-RA 1994.0226-0228 (formerly respectively MNHN-RA 1192A-C) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Ninia pavimentata can be distinguished from all other Hon­duran snakes, except other Ninia, in having keeled scales in 19 rows throughout the body. Ninia diademata has a uniformly black dorsum and a pale nuchal collar (versus black dorsal crossbands present in N. pavimentata). Ninia espinali has a uniformly brown or gray dorsum and a cream venter (versus black dorsal crossbands and prominent dark brown ventral blotches present in N. pavimentata). Ninia maculata has 63 or fewer subcaudal scales (versus 63 or more subcaudals in N. pavimentata). Ninia sebae has a pale nuchal collar, a reddish brown dorsal ground color, and cream to pale brown ventral surfaces (versus pale nuchal collar absent, dorsal ground color dark brown, and ventral surface with distinct dark brown blotches in N. pavimentata) (McCranie 2011: 342). 
EtymologyThe name pavimentata is formed from the Latin word pavimentum (floor of stones) and the Latin suffix -atus (provided with, having the nature of, pertaining to). The name probably alludes to the raised dorsal scales creating a floor of stones appearance (McCranie 2011: 343). 
  • Angarita-Sierra, Teddy 2014. Hemipenial Morphology in the Semifossorial Snakes of the Genus Ninia and a New Species from Trinidad, West Indies (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) . South American J. Herp. 9 (2): 114-130 - get paper here
  • Antúnez Fonseca, Cristopher Alberto 2019. Lowest altitudinal and fourth known record for Ninia pavimentata (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Honduras. Cuad. herpetol. 33 (2): 91-93 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1883. In A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amér Imprimerie Impériale, Paris - get paper here
  • Burger, W.L. & Werler,J.E. 1954. The subspecies of the ring-necked coffee snake Ninia diademata, and a short biological and taxonomic account of the genus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 36: 643-672 - get paper here
  • GRIFFIN, ROWLAND K. & MATTHEW HULSE 2021. Arboreal behaviour and reproductive biology of the northern banded coffee snake Ninia pavimentata. The Herpetological Bulletin (156) - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith B E. Campbell J A. 1996. The systematic status of Guatemalan populations of snakes allied with Ninia maculata (Reptilia: Colubridae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 109 (4): 749-754. - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J.H.; Wilson, L.D.; Plenderleith, T.L.; Talley, B.L. & Nifong, J.C. 2005. Ninia pavimentata (Squamata: Colubridae): an addition to the snake fauna of Honduras. Carib. J. Sci. 41 (4):869-870
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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