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Ninia sebae (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

IUCN Red List - Ninia sebae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesNinia sebae morleyi (SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936)
Ninia sebae immaculata SCHMIDT & RAND 1957
Ninia sebae punctulata (BOCOURT 1883)
Ninia sebae sebae (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854) 
Common NamesE: Redback Coffee Snake
G: Rote Kaffeeschlange
S: Dormilona Común 
SynonymStreptophorus sebae DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 515
Streptophorus sebae — BOCOURT 1883
Ninia sebae — GARMAN 1884: 95
Ninia sebae — DUNN 1935: 11
Ninia sebae — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 223
Ninia sebae — LINER 1994
Ninia sebae — SAVAGE 2002: 620
Nina sebae — LILLYWHITE 2014: 134 (in error)
Ninia sebae — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Ninia sebae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 487

Ninia sebae sebae (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Elapoidis fasciatus HALLOWELL 1855: 35
Streptophorus sebae collaris JAN 1862: 27
Streptophorus sebae var. dorsalis BOCOURT 1883: 547
Ninia collaris — GARMAN 1884: 95
Ninia sebae sebae — SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936: 170
Ninia sebae sebae — TAYLOR 1954: 695
Ninia sebae sebae — SCHMIDT & RAND 1957
Ninia sebae sebae — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 224
Ninia sebae sebae — LINER 2007

Ninia sebae immaculata SCHMIDT & RAND 1957
Ninia sebae immaculata — KLUGE 1984: 68
Ninia sebae immaculata — O’SHEA 2018

Ninia sebae punctulata (BOCOURT 1883)
Streptophorus sebae var. punctulata BOCOURT 1883: 547
Ninia sebae punctulata — SCHMIDT & RAND 1957: 79
Ninia sebae punctulata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 224
Ninia sebae punctulata — LINER 2007

Ninia sebae morleyi SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936
Ninia sebae morleyi SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936
Ninia sebae morleyi — BURGER & WERLER 1954: 657
Ninia sebae morleyi — DUNDEE et al. 1986
Ninia sebae morleyi — LINER 2007 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche [HR 26: 157], Puebla), Belize, Guatemala,
Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama; elevation (Honduras): 0-1650 m elevation

Type locality: Mexico; restricted to Veracruz (SCHMIDT& ANDREWS 1936).

immaculata: SE Nicaragua; Type locality: Rio Escondido (or Bluefields River), southeastern Nicaragua

morleyi: Mexico (Yucatan); Type locality: Mexico, Yucatan, Chichen Itzá.

punctulata: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas); Type locality: restricted to vicinity of Quezaltenango on the Pacific slope of southern Guatemala (by Schmidt & Rand 1957).  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 3443 and MNHN-RA 7303
Syntypes: ANSP 3407-08; ANSP 23004-05; Honduras [Elapoidis fasciatus]
Holotype: FMNH 11584 [immaculata]
Holotype: FMNH 20619 [morleyi]
Syntypes: MNHN-RA 1894-1896, MNHN-RA 5942, MNHN-RA 5942A, MNHN-RA 6060 and MNHN-RA 6060A (6 syntypes) [punctulata] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Dorsal scales in 19 rows; upper labials 7 or 8; ventrals 131-156; caudals 40-74; red above, with or without black bars or spots on the sides; top of head black; a yellow collar and a broader black dorsal saddle; belly usually immaculate, never checkered (Schmidt & Rand 1957: 74)

Diagnosis (morleyi). "Closely allied to Ninia sebae, but distinguished by a higher number of ventral scales and a lower number of caudal scales." To this original diagnosis must be added: majority of specimens without dorsal black spots (Schmidt & Rand 1957: 79)

Diagnosis (punctulata). Differs sharply from sebae sebae in body pattern, in which the dark spots are small, numerous, in several rows, never with transverse bars, and never immaculate or with reduced spotting (Schmidt & Rand 1957: 79)

Diagnosis (sebae). Ventrals relatively few (131-151 in males, 134-152 in females) and caudals relatively numerous (41-72 in males, 40-61 in females); coloration very variable, usually with black dorsal crossbars, these often reduced in number, occasional specimens with only the black nuchal collar characteristic of the species (Schmidt & Rand 1957: 78) 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Ninia sebae mimicks Micrurus bernadi, M. limbatus, and M. diastema (TORRE-LORANCA et al. 2006).

Diet: worms 
EtymologyNamed after the naturalist Albertus Seba (1665-1736) who illustrated the species first in his pre-Linnean “Thesaurus”. 
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