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Nothobachia ablephara RODRIGUES, 1984

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Nothobachia 
SynonymNothobachia ablephara RODRIGUES 1984
Nothobachia ablephara — CASTOE et al. 2004
Nothobachia ablephara — RAMIRO et al. 2019 
DistributionNE Brazil (Bahia)

Type locality: Brasil, Piaui, Sao Raimundo Nonato (corrected to Sal, Piaui, 09°11'S, 42°03'W)  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 54842, male. 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus): “Microteiideo caracterizado pela ausencia de'palpebra e de ouvido externo. Corpo extremamente alongado, sem constriccoes marcadas seja no pescoco, seja na base da cauda, esta mais curta que o comprimento rostro-anal. Poros preanais no macho. Poros femora is ausentes”.

Nothobachia, Calyptommatus and Scriptosaura share striking reduction of limbs, absence of eyelids and an external ear opening (Rodrigues 1991a, Pellegrino et al. 2001, Rodrigues and Santos 2008, Goicoechea et al. 2016).

The species is characterized by an extremely elongated body with reduced limbs, absence of eyelids and external ear opening, and fossorial and diurnal habits. N. ablephara does not show sexual dimorphism in color pattern, and only males present preanal pores, that produce a large amount of secretion, indicating that the chemical communication could be an important aspect of N. ablephara life history (Ramiro et al. 2019). 
CommentType species: Nothobachia ablephara RODRIGUES 1984 is the type species of the genus Nothobachia RODRIGUES 1984.

Habitat: fossorial. 
  • Andrews, R. M., Brandley, M. C. and Greene, V. W. 2013. Developmental sequences of squamate reptiles are taxon specific. Evolution & Development, 15: 326–343. doi: 10.1111/ede.12042 - get paper here
  • Bertolotto, C.E.V.; K.C.M. Pellegrino and Y. Yonenaga-Yassuda 2004. Occurrence of B chromosomes in lizards: a review. Cytogenet Genome Res 106: 243–246 - get paper here
  • Bezerra, P. E. S., Santana, F. M., & de Moura, G. J. B. 2021. Sustainability assessment of a lizard assemblage in Pernambuco state, Brazil. Journal for Nature Conservation, 125957
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Gomes dos Santos, Marion Venâncio, Ianne Gardenia Soares Macedo, Rodrigo Santos de Sousa, Melissa Gogliath and Leonardo Barros Ribeiro. 2012. Diet of Nothobachia ablephara (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) in a Caatinga area of the San Francisco Valley in northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 305-307
  • Pellegrino, K.C.; Rodrigues, M.T.; Yonenaga-Yassuda, Y 1999. Chromosomal polymorphisms due to supernumerary chromosomes and pericentric inversions in the eyelidless microteiid lizard Nothobachia ablephara (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Chromosome Research 7 (4): 247-254
  • Ramiro, Carolina Nisa; Mauro Teixeira Junior and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2017. Reproductive Biology of Three Sympatric Species of Gymnophthalmid Lizards from the Sand Dunes of the Middle São Francisco River, Bahia, Brazil. South American J. Herp. 12 (1): 76–88 - get paper here
  • Ramiro, Carolina Nisa; Renato Sousa Recoder, and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2019. Geographic variation in the morphology of the sand-dwelling lizard Nothobachia ablephara (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). Phyllomedusa 18 (2):195–207 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues 1985. Nothobachia ablephara: correcao da localidade tipo e nota sobre exemplares adicionais (Sauria, Teiidae). Pap. Avuls. Zool. 36: 169-170
  • Rodrigues, M. T. 1984. Nothobachia ablephara: novo genero e especie do nordeste do Brasil (Sauria, Teiidae). PAPEIS AVULSOS DE ZOOLOGIA (SAO PAULO) 35(28) 1984: 361-366
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Siedchlag, Ana Carolina; Maria Lúcia Benozzati, José Carlos Passoni, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2010. Genetic structure, phylogeny, and biogeography of Brazilian eyelid-less lizards of genera Calyptommatus and Nothobachia (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2): 622-630 - get paper here
  • Uchôa LR, Delfim FR, Mesquita DO, Colli GR, Garda AA, Guedes TB 2022. Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Caatinga, northeastern Brazil: Detailed and updated overview. Vertebrate Zoology 72: 599-659 - get paper here
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