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Oedura gemmata KING & GOW, 1983

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Dotted Velvet Gecko, Jewelled Velvet Gecko 
SynonymOedura marmorata — COGGER 1975 (partim)
Oedura gemmata KING & GOW 1983
Oedura gemmata — KLUGE 1993
Oedura gemmata — COGGER 2000: 262
Oedura gemmata — OLIVER et al. 2012 
DistributionAustralia (N Northern Territory)

Type locality: rock outcrop 5 km west of the South Alligator River on the Pine Creek to El Sharana road in the Northern Territory.  
TypesHolotype: NTM R9877 (as R9817), collected by M.E. King & P. King, 22.v.1981. See Horner (1999) for correction of registration number of holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis.-A large dorsoventrally compressed Oedura with a diamond shaped head, elongate body and wide, flat tail with a pointed mobile tip. This species is distinguished from all other Oedura by its striking coloration, back and tail pattern. The head and dorsal surface of the body have an irregular series of bright lemon yellow and light brown spots scattered over a jet black surface. The black tail has a number of narrow white bands along its length. Oedura marmorata, which is the species most similar to 0. gemmnatain its morphological characteristics, has a banded back pattern [from KING & GOW 1983].
CommentKaryotype: 2n = 38 (King 1987) 
EtymologyThe specific name gemmata comes from the Latin for gem or jewel. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • King,M. & Gow,G. 1983. A new species of Oedura (Gekkonidae: Reptilia) from the Alligator Rivers region of northern Australia. Copeia 1983 (2): 445-449 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Australische Samtgeckos. Die Gattung Oedura. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Oliver, Paul M.; Aaron M. Bauer, Eli Greenbaum, Todd Jackman, Tara Hobbie 2012. Molecular phylogenetics of the arboreal Australian gecko genus OeduraGray 1842 (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae): Another plesiomorphic grade? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63 (2): 255-264 - get paper here
  • Rosauer, D.F., et al., 2016. Phylogeography, hotspots and conservation priorities: An example from the Top End of Australia. Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.002 - get paper here
  • Schmida, G. 2007. Betrachtungen zu den australischen Samtgeckos der Gattung Oedura. Draco 8 (29): 22-30 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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