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Oligodon venustus (JERDON, 1853)

IUCN Red List - Oligodon venustus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Jerdon's Kukri Snake 
SynonymXenodon venustum JERDON 1853: 528
Simotes bi-notatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 630 (fide SMITH 1943)
Simotes venustus — GÜNTHER 1864
Simotes binotatus — JAN 1865
Oligodon venustus — BOULENGER 1890
Oligodon venustus — SMITH 1943: 222
Oligodon venustum — DAS 1996: 58
Oligodon venustus — GREEN et al. 2010
Oligodon venustus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 504 
DistributionIndia (Western Ghats south of Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, S Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: "Peninsula of India, on the West Coast.";
Emended to North Canara district fide Smith, 1943: 222.  
TypesHolotype: lost, a 305 mm specimen, lost fide Smith, 1943: 222 
CommentDistribution: Reported from Bhutan by Wangyal et al. 2021 (who do not show a photo) but most likely not O. venustus, given the locality (F. Tillack, pers. comm. 20 March 2021). 
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, TAO THIEN NGUYEN, KE JIANG, TIANBO CHEN, ALEXANDRE TEYNIÉ & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from northern Vietnam, southern China and central Laos. Zootaxa 3498: 45–62 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; Subramanian Bhupathy, Patrick David, N. Sathishkumar, G. Srinivas 2014. Snake Fauna of High Wavy Mountains, Western Ghats, India: Species Richness, Status, and Distribution Pattern. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (1): 53-64
  • Green, Marc D.; Nikolai L. Orlov and Robert W. Murphy 2010. Toward a Phylogeny of the Kukri Snakes, Genus Oligodon. Asian Herpetological Research 1 (1): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 11. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jerdon,T.C. 1854. Catalogue of the Reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Part 2. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xxii: 522-534 [1853] - get paper here
  • Lee JL, Yang J-H, Yushchenko P, Poyarkov Jr NA 2021. Rediscovery and distribution extension of the rare Kukri Snake, Oligodon hamptoni Boulenger, 1918 (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae), with the first record of this species from China. Herpetozoa 34: 13-21 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, F. 1913. Are the snakes Oligodon travancoricus (Beddome) and O. venustus (Jerdon) entitled to specific distinction ? J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 169 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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