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Omoadiphas texiguatensis MCCRANIE & CASTANEDA, 2004

IUCN Red List - Omoadiphas texiguatensis - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymOmoadiphas texiguatensis MCCRANIE & CASTANEDA 2004
Omoadiphas texiguatensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 505 
DistributionN Honduras (Cordillera Nombre de Dios)

Type locality: 2.5 km airline NNE of La Fortuna, Cerro Texiguat Wildlife refuge, Departamento de Yoro, Honduras (15°25’ 49’’N, 87° 18’ 32’’ W, 1690 m elevation).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 559599 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Omoadiphas texiguatensis can be distinguished from all other Honduran snakes, except O. aurula and O. cannula by the combination of having smooth dorsal scales in 17 rows throughout the body, no anterior temporal, a divided cloacal scute, and a dark brown stripe on scale row three on each side of the body. Omoadiphas aurula has seven supralabials, eight infralabials, two postoculars, the postnasal separated from the prefrontal by the loreal, yellow ventral surfaces, and 24-35 subcaudals in females (versus six supralabials, seven infralabials, a single postocular, postnasal contacting prefrontal, dark brown to black ventral surfaces, and 47 subcaudals in the single female of O. texiguatensis). Omoadiphas cannula has the dark dorsolateral stripe involving scale rows two and three on each side and 31 subcaudals in the single known female (versus dark dorsolateral stripe con­ fined to scale row three and 47 subcaudals in the single known female of O. texiguatensis) (McCranie 2011: 356). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J.R.; Castaneda, F.E. 2004. A new species of snake of the genus Omoadiphas (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae) from the Cordillera Nombre de Dios in northern Honduras. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 117 (3):311-316. - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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