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Ophisaurus incomptus MCCONKEY, 1955

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Plainneck Glass Lizard
S: Lagartija de Cristal de Cuello Plano 
SynonymOphisaurus incomptus MCCONKEY 1955
Ophisaurus incomptus — LINER 1994
Ophisaurus incomptus — LINER 2007
Anguis incomptus — TERÁN-JUÁREZ 2008
Anguis incomptus — BRYSON & GRAHAM 2010
Ophisaurus incomptus — LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013 
DistributionMexico (San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Veracruz ?)

Type locality: "Seven miles south of Valles, San Luis Potosi, Mexico."  
Reproductionovovivparous (inferred from other members of the genus) 
TypesHolotype: LSUM 4886, female (Louisiana State Univ. Mus. Zool.) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “An Ophisaurus differing from other North American members of the genus by the following characters taken in combination: the whitish markings on the dorsal scales occupy the edges rather than the centers of the scales, and there are no vertical white bars in the neck region. [...] The type is remarkably similar to O. ventralis, the only distinguishing character that I have been able to find being the absence of vertical neck bars in the Mexican form.” (McConkey 1955). 
CommentKnown from only 4 specimens (BRYSON & GRAHAM 2010). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is composed of the Latin words in, meaning "not" and comptus meaning "neat," which in combination allude to being unadorned or unkempt, probably in reference to the absence of neck bars (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). 
  • Bryson, Robert W. and Matthew R. Graham. 2010. A new alligator lizard from northeastern Mexico. Herpetologica 66 (1): 92-98 - get paper here
  • Holman, J. Alan 1971. Ophisaurus incomptus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (114): 1 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mcconkey, Edwin H. 1955. A new lizard of the genus Ophisaurus from Mexico. Nat. Hist. Misc. Chicago Acad. Sci. 145: 1
  • Terán-Juárez, S.A. 2008. Anguis incomptus (Sauria: Anguidae) una adición a la herpetofauna de Tamaulipas, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 24 (2): 235-238 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
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