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Ophisops elegans MÉNÉTRIES, 1832

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesOphisops elegans basoglui BARAN & BUDAK 1978
Ophisops elegans blanfordi SCHMIDT 1939
Ophisops elegans budakibarani TOK, AFSAR, YAKIN, AYAZ & ÇİÇEK 2017
Ophisops elegans centralanatoliae BODENHEIMER 1944
Ophisops elegans ehrenbergii (WIEGMANN 1835)
Ophisops elegans elegans MÉNÉTRIÉS 1832
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus BERTHOLD 1840
Ophisops elegans schlueteri BOETTGER 1880 
Common NamesE: Snake-eyed Lizard
G: (Europäische) Schlangenauge(neidechse)
Russian: Стройная змееголовка 
SynonymOphisops elegans MÉNÉTRIES 1832: 63
Amystes ehrenbergi WIEGMANN 1835
Ophisops elegans — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 259
Ophiops [sic] elegans — BERTHOLD 1840
Gymnops meizolepis STOLICZKA 1872 (fide SMITH 1935)
Ophisops elegans — ANDERSON 1872
Ophiops elegans — BOETTGER 1880
Ophiops elegans var. persicus BOULENGER 1918: 160
Ophiops elegans var. mizolepis — BOULENGER 1920: 353
Ophiops elegans var. mizolepis — BOULENGER 1921 (fide SMITH 1935)
Ophisops elegans elegans — SMITH 1935: 379
Ophisops blanfordi SCHMIDT 1939
Ohisops [sic] elegans KHALAF 1961
Ophisops elegans — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Ophisops elegans — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 430
Ophisops elegans — ŠMÍD et al. 2014
Ophisops elegans — BAR et al. 2021

Ophisops elegans basoglui BARAN & BUDAK 1978
Ophisops elegans basoglui — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophisops elegans basoglui — KUCHARZEWSKI 2016

Ophisops elegans blanfordi SCHMIDT 1939
Ophisops blanfordi SCHMIDT 1939
Ophisops blanfordi — HELLMICH 1959
Ophisops elegans blanfordi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophisops blanfordi — MOHAMMED et al. 2017

Ophisops elegans budakibarani TOK, AFSAR, YAKIN, AYAZ & ÇİÇEK 2017

Ophisops elegans centralanatoliae BODENHEIMER 1944: 33
Ophisops elegans centralanatoliae — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophisops elegans centralanatoliae — TAYHAN et al. 2016

Ophisops elegans ehrenbergii (WIEGMANN 1835)
Amystes Ehrenbergii WIEGMANN 1835
Ophisops elegans ehrenbergi — WERNER 1935: 106
Ophisops elegans ehrenbergii — BIRD 1936
Ophisops elegans erhenbergii [sic] — ANGEL 1936: 111
Ophisops elegans ehrenbergii — SCHMIDT 1939
Ophisops elegans ehrenbergii — BISCHOFF 1991
Ophisops elegans ehrenbergii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophisops elegans cf. ehrenbergii — SINDACO et al. 2014
Ophisops elegans ehrenbergii — MOHAMMED et al. 2017

Ophisops elegans macrodactylus BERTHOLD 1840
Ophisops macrodactylus BERTHOLD 1840: 58
Ophisops macrodactylus — BERTHOLD 1846: 15
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus — ÇEVIK 1999
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus — SCHLÜTER 2004
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus — SCHLÜTER 2010
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus — DEICHSEL 2013
Ophisops macrodactylus — BÖHME 2014: 151
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus — KWET & TRAPP 2014
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus — BAMANN et al. 2021

Ophisops elegans schlueteri BOETTGER 1880
Ophiops [sic] elegans schlueteri BOETTGER 1880: 176
Ophisops elegans schlueteri — SCHMIDT 1939
Ophisops elegans schlueteri — ESTERBAUER 1985
Ophisops elegans schlueteri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophisops elegans schlueteri — SCHNEIDER 2020 
DistributionE Republic of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan,
SE Bulgaria, NE Greece (Lesbos, Limnos, Chios, Samos, Samothraki, Agathonisi, Psara, Kalymnos), Cyprus, Turkey,
Algeria, Egypt, W Syria, Lebanon, Israel, W Jordan,
Iraq, Iran (Kavir desert), Russia (Chechnya and Dagestan)

basoglui: Turkey (S Anatolia, Alanya area)

blanfordi: Mesopotamia, SE Iraq, SW Iran.

centralanatoliae: C/E/S Turkey (C Anatolia)

ehrenbergi: Levant, Greece (Kalymnos, Lesbos etc.), S Turkey (incl Anatolia); N Syria, Iraq

elegans: Turkey (incl Anatolia); Russia (Chechnya and Dagestan), N Iraq, N/C Iran, N Pakistan; Type locality: Baku, Azerbaijan

macrodactylus: W Turkey (Anatolia), Greece (Lesbos, Samos, Rhodes etc.); Type locality: Constantinopel [= Istanbul]

schlueteri: Cyprus  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: USNM 21396
Holotype: ZDEU (also given as SZE) 167/1975.1, Turkey, Alanya [basoglui]
Holotype: FMNH 19721, paratypes: MSNG [blanfordi]
Holotype: COMU-ZDEU 2017/10 (COMU = Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, which is different from ZDEU) [budakibarani]
Holotype: ZMB [ehrenbergii]
Holotype: ZFMK 21219, cited erroneously as ZDFMK by Böhme 2010 [macrodactylus]
Syntypes: ZMUI ("Zoological Institutes at Istanbul University and Ankara (Y.Z.E.)", BMNH (123+ specimens) [centralanatoliae]
Syntypes: BMNH [persicus]
Lectotype: SMF 13841 [schlueteri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Lower eyelid fused with upper, with large transparent disc (Fig. 123); ventral plates smooth; collar weakly defined, or absent in middle; subdigital lamellae keeled; dorsal scales rhombic, imbricate, strongly keeled; femoral pores present (Anderson 1999: 254). 
CommentSynonymy: O. e. persicus was considered a synonym of O. elegans elegans, e.g. by Anderson 1999: 254, who rejects subspecies in O. elegans in general.

Subspecies: the current subspecies classification of O. elegans does not match the molecular clades found by Montgelard et al. 2021 and may need to be revised.

Distribution: Not listed for India by DAS 1997. Not in Libya fide Bauer et al. 2017. Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. See lacerta.de for maps of subspecies. For a map of type localities of subspecies see Montgelard et al. 2021: Fig. 1b. See Bar et al. 2021 for a map.

Type species: Ophisops elegans MÉNÉTRIES 1832: 63 is the type species of the genus Ophisops MÉNÉTRIES 1832.

Comparisons: Patel & Vyas 2020 presented a comparison of characters in Indian Ophisops. 
EtymologyThe name elegans (Latin) means tasteful, choice, fine, select or elegant and appears to refer to the color pattern or body shape. 
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