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Oplurus quadrimaculatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1851

IUCN Red List - Oplurus quadrimaculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaOpluridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Duméril's Madagascar Swift, Dumeril's Madagascar spiny-tailed iguana
G: Vierfleck-Madagaskarleguan 
SynonymOplurus quadrimaculatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1851: 83
Centrura quadrimaculatus — DUMÉRIL 1856
Oplurus montanus GRANDIDIER 1869: 340
Hoplurus quadrimaculatus — PETERS 1882: 31
Hoplurus quadrimaculatus — BOULENGER 1885: 131
Oplurus quadrimaculatus — BLANC 1977: 34
Oplurus quadrimaculatus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 261
Oplurus quadrimaculatus — GRUBENMANN 2007 
DistributionC/S Madagascar (arid to humid regions from the coast of S Tuléar Province through the higher parts of W Fianarantsoa Province and NC Tananarive Province)

Type locality: Madagascar  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1404 
  • Altmanová, Marie; Michail Rovatsos, Lukáš Kratochvíl, andMartina Johnson Pokorná, 2016. Minute Y chromosomes and karyotype evolution in Madagascan iguanas (Squamata: Iguania: Opluridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 118: 618–633; DOI: 10.1111/bij.12751 - get paper here
  • Belluardo F, Quirós DD, Lobón-Rovira J, Rosa GM, Rasoazanany M, Andreone F, Crottini A 2021. Uncovering the herpetological diversity of small forest fragments in south-eastern Madagascar (Haute Matsiatra). Zoosystematics and Evolution 97(2): 315-343 - get paper here
  • Blanc, C. P. 1977. Reptiles sauriens Iguanidae. Faune de Madagascar 45: 1-195
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cocca, W., G. M. Rosa, F. Andreone, G. Aprea, P. E. Bergò, F. Mattioli, V. Mercurio, J. E. Randrianirina, D. Rosado, M. Vences & A. Crottini 2018. The herpetofauna (Amphibia, Crocodylia, Squamata, Testudines) of the Isalo Massif, Southwest Madagascar: combining morphological, molecular and museum data. Salamandra 54 (3): 178-200 plus Supplementary Material - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Annette Olsonn, David Henson, Sunil Kumar, and David Emmett. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Lower Onilahy River Valley, a Temporary Protected Area in Southwest Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 62-79 - get paper here
  • Dieckmann, Martin & Grubenmann, Mortiz 2012. Oplurus quadrimaculatus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1851). Iguana 25 (2): 17-20
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Grandidier, A. 1869. Descriptions de quelques animaux nouveaux découverts, pendant l'année 1869, sur la côte ouest de Madagascar. Revue et Magazine de Zooogie (Paris), Sér. 2, 21: 337-342
  • Grubenmann, M. 2007. Madagaskar-Leguane - Teil 3. Iguana Rundschreiben 20 (1): 23-25
  • Hilgartner, R. Raoilison, M. 2005. Freilandbeobachtungen am Madagaskar-Leguan Oplurus cuvieri GRAY, 1831. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (53): 64-69 - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Meier, H. 1981. Zur Ökologie, Ethologie und Taxonomie einiger Arten der Gattung Oplurus auf Madagascar. Salamandra 17 (1-2): 43-54 - get paper here
  • Meier,H. 1982. Leguane aus Madagaskar. Herpetofauna 4 (17): 22-27 [erratum in 4 (18): 33] - get paper here
  • Münchenberg, Tobias, Katharina C. Wollenberg, Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and geographic variation of Malagasy iguanas (Oplurus and Chalarodon). Amphibia- Reptilia 29(3):319-327
  • Peters,W. 1882. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique auf Befehl seiner Majestät es Königs Friedrich Wilhelm IV. in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgefeführt von Wilhelm C. Peters. Zoologie III. Amphibien. Berlin (Reimer), 191pp.
  • Schlüter, Uwe 2013. Madagaskarleguane - Lebensweise, Pflege und Fortpflanzung. KUS-Verlag, 88 pp. - get paper here
  • Struijk, Richard P. J. H. 2014. Oplurus quadrimaculatus (Dumeril's Madagascar spiny-tailed iguana) prey and predatory behavior. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 503 - get paper here
  • Van Beest, Piet 2004. Herpetologische waarnemingen op Madagascar - deel 2: Fianarantsoa en verder naar het zuiden. Lacerta 62 (3): 92-103 - get paper here
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